ystem benefit from this discovery. Technology is exchanged easily

ystem
ensures that communication between these businesses is efficient, creates
healthy competition and improves the services delivered to clients and
customers. The application of information technology in inter organizations are
as follows

Information technology improve
competition, as there are some relationships between
different business partners or companies, through the use of information
technology these partners can increase some innovations to the business so that
they can be not the same with their competitor, the issue of competition
increases the goodness and the quality of products in the market. For example,
transportations companies they can have relationship but through application of
information technology each company concentrate on improving its services to
their customers, hence competition.

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Supply chain management,
refers to the network and communication between interconnected businesses that
depend on one another to deliver a product or service to the public. An
interorganizational system creates automated communication between
interconnected businesses, or information that is programmed to update itself,
with minimal manual operation from a worker. Example the company’s that practice
supply chain management are like the coca cola company, Zara company Colgate,
amazon and other many companies. Basing on coca cola company, the main office
is located in Atlanta but their products are distributed to virtually every
country in the world.

Technology exchange, Running
an IOS requires the use of technology. Phones, computers, internet and
intelligent computer programs and software are used to send and receive
messages and store and interpret data. When one company implements and uses a
new technology in an IOS system, uniting companies automatically benefit from
this discovery. Technology is exchanged easily and encourages creators to
develop new products and programs. For example, the inter organization has led
to the relationship between company’s inside the country and companies outside
the country, this relation has led to the exchange of technology.

Reduce business risk,
every business takes risks during the process of production. These risks
include safety, financial and operational risks. An effective ISO system
reduces these risks, making sure each aspect of the business is being watched.
The system provides checks and balances that hold each aspect of the company
accountable to one another and joining companies.

Other
applications of information technology in inter organization are

Ø  Access
to new ideas, material, and other resources

Ø  Reduced
duplication of services

Ø  More
efficient use of resources

Ø  Increased
power and influence

Ø  Ability
to address issues beyond a single organization’s domain

Ø  Shared
responsibility for complex or controversial issues

QN2.Information technology
is the application of computer to store, study, retrieve transmit and
manipulate data. The application of information technology can be used in
storing, can be used for studying transmit some information and manipulate
data. In information technology there are some social, ethical and political
issues that relates to it,

Social,
the information technology has got a big relation to the social issues, example
there are the application of social networks or social media like Instagram
Facebook, twitter, tango, radios, and televisions. There for through the innovations
of information technology the social issues has simplified many things
including fast communication. Also, the main information technology social
issues include the improvement of education, through increasing the universities,
schools and other education institute. Healthy services on the use of modern
equipment like computer in monitoring the body system.

Ethics,
is a reflection on morality. It refers to the principles of right and wrong in
making choice by individuals. It has been described as the art and science that
seeks to bring sensitivity and method to the discernment of moral values. Now
on the ethics we can talk about the opportunity to commit crimes with
Information technology, on violation of privacy, intellectual property right issues,
recognition for personal and corporate ethics associated with ICT. Information
technology is facing many challenges which are lack of privacy, security,
copyright infringement, and increased computer crimes. There for criminals has
been utilizing the many chance technology offers to destroy ethics of the
majority in the society. Also, information technology has lead to lower the
value of the tradition, customs and culture of the society. Example people can
use online programs to find and learn about the western culture which then it
can cause moral decay in he society by copying on those new culture.

Security,
information technology has brought internet where by hackers has found it very
easy to hack into any computer or system as long as it is connected to the
internet, hackers always use address to access users and collect data for
selfishness which then it is bad ethics to the society.

Copyright infringement, Information
technology has made it easy for users to access any information at any given
time. Example with the increased development of music sharing networks and
photo bookmarking sites, many original creators of these works are losing the
credibility of their works because users of IT can easily gain access and share
that data with friends. Lots of original work are like music albums, books are
being downloaded for free. Political,

The
following are the political issues related to the information technology

For
examples, the information technology has led to the discovery of many campaigns
like that of Rock the vote the
campaign partnered with Motorola in 2004 to register an estimated 1.2 million
new voters to receive information on their mobile devices. The democratic
online fundraising outfit Act blue was registered in the same year.

In
early 2005 the popular video sharing site YouTube was formed by Steve chen, chad
Hurley and jawed Karim. It changed the face of political campaigns by
empowering citizens to post their own videos from campaign events, exposing
politician and their faux pas.

There
for through the clever use of technology politician have waken up entire
generations of new potential voters. A candidate without some sort of online
presence would now be at a terrible disadvantage over other candidates who are
exploiting technology to help them gain attention, money, support and voters.