WW1 leader will make them vulnerable, and Serbia had






#1(Cause of ww1):

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On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary and his wife were
assassinated while visiting Sarajevo- the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina. This
assassination was the key of world war one due to the conflicts between Serbia
and Austria-Hungary of taking over each other land. Serbia had a belief of
Austria-Hungary losing their leader will make them vulnerable, and Serbia had
an excuse to invade Austria-Hungary. The people of Austria-Hungarian didn’t
allow Serbia to take over their country because they organized the
assassination. The man named Gavrilo Princip, was the assassin who killed Franz
Ferdinand and his wife, and belonged to Serbia’s nationalist group The Black
Hand. After this event, World War one started on July 28, 1914. Austria-Hungarian
declared war on Serbia, Russia pledged to defend Serbia, Germany pledged to
support Austria-Hungarian and declared war on Russia, France supported Russia
and declared war on Germany, Germany declared war on France, Germany invaded
Belgium on its way to France, and Britain supported Belgium and declared war on
Germany. World War I ended on the eleven on the eleventh day of the eleventh
month, in 1918. Germany signed an armistice; an agreement for peace and no more
fighting that had been prepared by Britain and France. At the start of 1918,
Germany was in a strong position and expected to win the war.







#2(Vimy Ridge):


The Battle of
Vimy Ridge took place on April 9, 1917 in Northern France, where Canadians
captured Ridge. Vimy Ridge was a huge battle where Canadians won, this was an
important battle because Canadians did something amazing neither Britain nor
France could accomplish. The battle of Vimy Ridge was being planned by General
Author Curry (a division commander Canadians corps commanded from 1917 on
word). Curry shared plans with all soldiers and made soldiers practice, for
example; Creeping Barrage. Creeping Barrage is infantry followed with Machine
Guns to help maintain capture position. In a matter of days, they obtained the
victory, and Vimy Ridge was captured. With this victory Canada were known one
of the most powerful nation and independent country across the world.







Roaring 20’s







#1(Advance Technology):


In the 1920’s the
technology around Canada was advancing every time and changed the lives of the
people living there. After WWI, Canada’s economic prosperity allowing Canadians
to enjoy more leisure time and technology. Two of the most advance technological
inventions that were being used in the 20’s were the Automobile and the Radio.
The Automobile was the first car invented by Henry Ford, this vehicle was used
to help people to live an easy life by making transportation easier and faster
to get from one place to another. However, there were modern versions of cars
like; the Nissan GTR, Toyota Supra, Ferrari spider, McLaren p1, etc. But
slightly improved from the original such as heaters, air condition, electric
engine, and more. Another favored invention found in most everyone’s house was
the Radio. This invention was so popular that the second it came out, it was
sold. The Radio was a source of entertainment and for connection by playing
music, advertisements, a variety of programs like comedy and gave information
like the daily news. Therefore, the advancing Technology in the 1920’s as you
witnessed above for Canada shows it competing with other powerful nation around
them with a resource like Russia, US, and more and shows it being an
independent nation.






#2(Residential School):


Duncan Campbell Scott was a well-known man due to him being a Canadian
bureaucrat, a poet and prose writer in 1920. Duncan Campbell Scott was a man
who leads the Department of the Indian Affairs, he believes the key to fixing
the Aboriginals was by assimilating them through education. On that day the
Parliament changed the Indian act and required all children between the age of
7 and 15 to go to school, the goal of the school was to civilize the children
so that they would fit in the Canadian society. Children were forced to leave
friends, family, and their homes, also were instructed to speak English and
weren’t allowed to speak their first language. If someone did disobey those
rules, there would be severe consequences for instance being harsh by cruel
teachers. Separated from their families for a long period, many students became
estranged from their parents and lost touch with their culture. They could no
longer speak the language of their parents and grandparents and did not learn
traditional ways. In addition, some children suffered physical and sexual
abuse. Graduates of residential schools could become enfranchised meaning
qualified for citizenship rights, including the right to vote. But this meant
giving up their Indian status.



Dirty 30’s




#1(Wall Street Clash of 1929):


On October 29th,
1929 is the day known as “Black Tuesday”, Black Tuesday was a Stock Market
Crash of 1929, it was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of
the United States. This was the day that stocks in New York, Montreal, and
Toronto officially plummeted and ruined most businesses and when US economy
collapsed, Canada followed. People were forced to sell their businesses and
crashed their life savings, while others had borrowed money which caused the
Market to crash. Later, banks couldn’t pay out the money and people couldn’t
pay out their taxes, so farmers were foreclosed (taken away by the bank) due to
the fact that the Farmers couldn’t afford to pay back the loans they had taken
to build up their land, especially since their crops had dropped in price
because of the end of the War. Unfortunately, the economy, factories, business,
and schools had to shut down quickly due to lack of funds. While people were
losing their jobs, unemployment rate increased. However, this event was every significant
to Canada’s history since the banks went bankrupt.








#2(Saskatchewan in the 1930’s):


The environmental
and economic conditions that impacted the wheat farmers of Saskatchewan in the
1930’s was the value due to war and weather condition. The prairies were
heavily reliant upon wheat farming, during World War I, was a good industry;
the price of the corps had risen drastically allowing Farmers to make a profit,
however after the war the value of crops declined rapidly, making the farmers
bankrupt. In matter of a few years, the issue grows bigger; farmers lost their
crops due to economic conditions. In 1928, the weather started to affect
farmers, for instance: drought, high temperature, and swarms of grasshoppers
were conditions that destroyed the crops across the prairies. In addition,
within 1935 the flat lands of the prairies were met with harsh winds with the
combination of harsh conditions. Most farms were destroyed, leaving Canadian
farmers devastated.















World War II



Tuesday, June 6th, 1944 is known as “D-Day”, D-Day was
the day in World War II on which the Allied forces such as; Canada, US,
Britain, France, and Russia invaded northern France by means of beach landings
in Normandy. This was done successfully by fooling the Germans into thinking
that the invasion was going to take place in Calais, the Allies created fake
installations, air bases, planes, and tanks, staging the area as if troops were
massing there. Canadian troops settled in Britain spent years planning to
invade France. The D-Day invasion was called “Operation Overload”, which was
delayed for 24 hours because of the horrible weather in the English Channel. On
the morning of D-Day, ships ferried 150,000 American, British, and Canadian
troops to Normandy. The Americans landed on the western end of the beach
whereas the British and Canadians landed on the east. The British had developed
specialized tanks that could crush German bunkers and clear paths. The Germans
were taken completely surprised leading the Allied to victory.








#2(Battle of the Atlantic):


Sunday, Sep 3rd, 1939 was the beginning of “Battle of the
Atlantic”, Battle of the Atlantic was Canada’s longest military engagement
during World War II, which lasted until Tuesday, May 8th,1945. The significance
of this battle was a contest between the Western Allies and the Axis powers for
the control of Atlantic sea routes. The Battle of the Atlantic took place near
the Atlantic Ocean where the battle was between Britain and Germany, but Canada
joined Britain and the Allied Forces. During the battle of the Atlantic, Canada
played a huge role. The role they played was to surround the merchant ships
with battleships, while transporting goods for Britain. But the Germany army
was determined to cut their lifeline, and to do this, German submarines; called
U-boats, and other warships prowled the Atlantic Ocean and sinking over 143
Allied transport ships in 1942. However, in mid-1943 the tide began to turn in
favor of the Allies, Crews were better trained and more expensive,
submarine-tracking tactics and technology had improved. In a matter of a few
years, the allied won victory and conquer the Atlantic Ocean.







The 50’s & 60’s






#1(Baby Boom):


After World War
II, between 1949 and 1959 many young Canadians decided to have a lot of babies,
pushing Canada’s population from 13.5 to 17.5 million in a ten-year span,
increasing nearly by thirty percent. During the war, many young Canadians could
not have children, so after the war the conditions were better to do so.
Thousands of young men who returned from the war, now had plenty of free time
to spend with friends, go on dates, get married, set up a home, and start
building a family. At the exact same time, women were being encouraged to leave
the workforce and take up more pursuits, such as homemaking. These young
families started to buy cars, homes, furniture, etc., like never before.
Companies started to manufacture bikes instead of guns, dippers instead of
uniforms, toys instead of grenade. Many who could not get a job could have one
and Canada’s productivity increase.









#2(The Auto Pact):


In 1965, Prime
Minister Lester Pearson signed the Canada-United States Automotive Agreement
called the Auto Pact. Lester Pearson and U.S. President Lyndon Johnson, the
accord was one of the most important accords ever signed between the two
countries in the trade field. One-fifth of all U.S. exports was in Canada, automobiles
and parts made up the largest proportion of the trade. American auto
manufacturers had been making vehicles in Canada since 1904, they then opened a
Ford plant in Windsor, Ontario. But even though Chrysler, Ford, and General
Motors had branched plants in Canada by 1960, most cars and parts were still
manufactured in the United States. The Auto Pact helped fix the imbalance of
Canada spending more on American products that it was earning by selling
products in the States. In 1964, seven percent of automobile made in Canada was
sold in the United States, four years later the number raised to sixty percent.
Between the 70’s and 80’s, General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler continued to
build large assembly plants in southern Ontario.