When looking at job design in the workplace, we know it is an enhancement in job satisfaction, that will improve quality and to reduce employee problems in the workforce. It is also referred to as a task or a working design that is the fundamental of human resources in the management of organizations Job design is the main part in organizations tasks to groups and individuals within the business world. There are core dimensions of job design that are skill variety, task identity, task signification, autonomy, and feedback. We use these dimensions to better understand which job designs those better suit organizations when deciding to work in group/teams or simply working independently. A successful job design whether in groups or individuals will result in a higher and increased performance and productivity.
Overall, there are three broad factors that affect the job design that are organizational factors (work nature, workflow, and practices/ergonomics), environmental factors (employee availability/abilities and the socio-economic and cultural expectations), and finally behavioral factors (factors of human need: autonomy, feedback, diversity, and the use of skills/abilities). As reading through different material there are many pros and cons in whether deciding if all jobs should be designed around groups rather than individual based organizations. Should all jobs be designed primarily around a group setting in the workforce? To answer this question, we must first identify the difference between a group and a team. In a team, there are two or more individuals that interact and coordinate their tasks to succeed in accomplishing goals of that organization. Teams have characteristics that show a rotating leadership, team members working together equally, setting goals themselves in their performance goals, and, they have an open and free boundary within that organization. Within a group, there are more than three individuals that are part of a certain department or unit designed within a company or organization. Also, they work independently with one another to set to achieve goals in that workplace. Some characteristics of a group can slightly differ from that of a team such as: they have a strong leader, go by the saying “there is no I in team, but there is in groups”, they also have their performance goals set by others and they have boundaries that work within the group of that organization.
“With there being many types of groups in the workplace, many managers believe that teams and groups to achieve a higher quality and sense with developing products and services than that of an individual job design,” (source doc 21). When you are working in a team it is beneficial because you have diversity and many creative input mindsets within that organization’s unit. Extravert personality types work wonderfully in the group design because they are very social beings, creative, outgoing and are expressive individuals. Group design in the workplace as many positive feature and highlight many reasonings why they are highly effective teams. Some examples are that groups share a leadership because a team is hardly ever created or built based on one single person. Also, all team members should be putting forth an effort because if one person is lacking or slacking off it could mean failure towards the group as a collective whole. Working in groups gives everyone a variety of rotating responsibility with different jobs within the group. When we pull together teams/groups in the workplace employers try to get a variety of individuals from differing backgrounds and can bring a vast of different perspectives that can be beneficial and find alternative solutions to problems that could lead to being more cost-efficient.
“In today’s business world jobs are increasingly being organized in teams. Highly effective teams are characterized by such behaviors as questioning and verifying the appropriateness of their objectives and action in a general sense,” (source doc Extending). Many companies that have a group design or collectivism values in their organizations are growing in numbers in the Asian countries. Working in groups helps employers to keep everyone in that team to be held accountable for their actions and encourage more creatively that develops innovative ideas and solutions. Groups are given more autonomy because they are given the authority on how to allocate tasks and how they are completed.
Because of working in groups there are rewards that are given out on the result of the work from the group, it also encourages a healthy sense of competition between co-workers within that organization. When we examine the individualism or the individual design in the business world of designing an organization we understand it heavily influenced in the western countries such as France, The Netherland, and the United States. In these countries, it is clear that there is a large presence in capitalist entrepreneurship. Not all organizations benefit from the working standpoint of a group job design. “In poor social integration in the face of a need for seeking independence in an organization that has a high level of absenteeism and the group develops a sense of ‘doing their own thing’ that can have a reflection on the success in working in a group, (source doc 20). When highlighting the benefits of individualism it is good nature to see the negative aspects of group design.
When working in teams there is a sense of unequal participation, when only certain individuals are pulling all the weight other members could feel a sense of resentment in the workplace. Conflict will arise and have a huge effect on the morale of the company. Group members may feel separation by not every one person being a team player. Employer’s need to eliminate the individuals that are considered to be loners and do not have a group mentality mind, while they are perfect on paper at times their personalities are not meant for the work culture in a group design. When you are working in an individual design it is easy to allocate your daily task into categories of what to do and when you need to finish those tasks.
Also, when you are working by yourself or in an individualism environment you are the sole person that is responsible and you can make decisions on your own. When you are rewarded for your job of completing and succeeding the goals that were set, you receive 100% of the praise unlike working in groups where the reward is shared with your colleagues. In the individualism design, it is part of a society that is high in their culturist values of personal independence, setting themselves out from the rest and attending to ourselves needs.