What objects such as needles and syringes that have

What
is Ebola? Ebola is a highly infectious disease that affects humans and animals.
Ebola is a rare disease that’s caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus
species. The Ebola disease occurs in sporadic outbreaks. There are five
identified Ebola virus species, four of them are known to cause diseases in
humans. Ebola is most common in areas such as:

–         
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
(DRC)

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–         
Sudan (South Sudan)

–         
United Kingdom

–         
Philippines

–         
Italy

–         
Spain

–         
Gabon

–         
Ivory Coast

–         
South Africa

–         
Russia

–         
Uganda

–         
Guinea

–         
Liberia

The 2014 Ebola outbreak
was the largest in history, primarily affecting Guinea, northern Liberia, and
Sierra Leone. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates
that the epidemic caused more than 11,000 deaths, with almost all occurring in
West Africa.

The
period for Ebola can range anywhere from 2 to 21 days. The signs and symptoms
of Ebola can include:

–         
Fever

–         
Severe headache

–         
Muscle pain

–         
Weakness

–         
Fatigue

–         
Diarrhea

–         
Vomiting

–         
Abdominal pain

–         
Unexplained hemorrhage

–         
Confusion

–         
Depression

How
is Ebola transmitted?  When an infection
occurs in humans, the virus can be spread through direct contact. This can
include blood or body fluids such as urine, saliva, sweat, feces, vomit, breast
milk, and semen.  The transmission can
also be transmitted indirectly, from contact with previous surfaces that have
come in contact with someone who has Ebola. This disease is not an airborne
infection.Ebola can also be passed on from objects such as needles and syringes
that have been contaminated.

 

How
can Ebola be prevented from Transmission? You can prevent it from being
transmitted by wearing disposable gloves and gowns when possible as well as
proper cleaning and usage of equipment, such as needles and syringes. If
instruments are not disposable then they must be sterilized before using them
on the next patient. There is currently no available vaccine for Ebola although
they have done experimental vaccines; these vaccines have not been fully
tested.  Other ways Ebola can be
prevented include:

–         
Avoid local traditional burial rituals.

–         
Isolate those affected by Ebola

–         
Dispose of dead bodies that have Ebola
in a safe and proper way.

Health care workers
that are caring for patients with Ebola should:

–         
Use disposable needles

–         
Avoid reuse of needles or unsterilized
needles

–         
Avoid embalming of a deceased Ebola
patient