What is Philosophy?Raven GuilloryPhilosophy 101?Table of ContentsAbstract 3Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines 4Heading 1 4Heading 2 4Heading 3 4 Heading 4 References 5AbstractWhat is philosophy? Philosophy is a way of thinking about certain subjects such as ethnics, thoughts, existence, time, meaning, and value. The question is still an open one. Of course, we can give you a definition of philosophy but do we really know the nature of philosophy, it’s mechanisms and functions? In this paper I will discuss some of the concerns of philosophy, what it involves and what it studies.What is philosophy?It is really hard to define philosophy or to describe it. It really doesn’t have any special methods, topics or data. Most of the topics are actually shared over other science, art, literature and findings.What is philosophyPhilosophy is the study and systematic questions that come up in everyday life. Many of these questions involve the nature of reality.
They ask questions like; Does God exist? What is reality? Is reality mental-mind or is it physical-matter and energy? Other questions are about nature as rational, purposive and social beings. Other questions concerns; What is it to know rather than merely believe it? Let’s discuss some of the main areas of philosophy.Epistemology 1Epistemology studies questions about beliefs and knowledge.
Questions asked are; How do we know that the physical objects around us are real? (Are we dreaming and hallucinating, like the matrix) What are some of the things that determine whether a belief is rational or irrational? What is the difference between knowing something and believing it.MetaphysicsMain branch of philosophy. Aristotle calls it first philosophy. Metaphysics is the study of what the world is like. Some of the questions metaphysics involve are the nature of objects, laws of nature, time, persons and space. They can be questions about what is real, and what is fundamental. LogicLogic is the study of reasoning. It attempts to distinguish good reasoning and bad reasoning.
Logic investigated and clarified the structures of arguments and statements made. It deals with statements and arguments that can be made true or false. For example, It rained last night, so the trees are wet. The trees are wet because it rained last night. This claim is false.
The trees could have got wet before the rain by a sprinkler.Political philosophy Political philosophy is the study of topics about the government, politics, justice, liberty and the enforcement of laws by authority. The study of concepts and values associated with political matters basically.
Philosophy of language Philosophy of language discusses the relationship between language and reality, language users and the world. The study begins with the broad question like; wWhat is the language between language and the world? What is the relationship between language and the mind?Moral Philosophy Moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy that focuses what is right and wrong. It is the area of philosophy concerned with how we ought to love our lives. A moral claim evaluates the rightness or wrongness of a persons character or a persons actions. To study the history of philosophy, one would have to also study the great philosophers as well. All had a different ways of thinking and their many different ways of dealing with problems of philosophy. Let’s just say if philosophers stopped with their arguments, what would be of philosophy? Two of my favorite are Plato and Aristotle.
PlatoPlato was a hugely important Greek philosopher and mathematician from the Socratic (or Classical) period. He was one of the most diverse and widely ranged philosophers of time, in my opinion. He studied and discusses all of the philosophy areas and was known to be the most influential philosophers. He was mentored by Socrates and his student was philosopher Aristotle.
Plato had three primary ideas:1. The Forms (Archetypon, or someone said Eidos). In other words, he invented ideas.2. Philosophia (Practice of wisdom after Socrates,). This could be understood as the proper use of ideas.3.
Academia (Education). To put the idea towards a good end.Aristotle Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who believed in logic and scientific thinking. He was into the branch of philosophy metaphysics, which we discussed early on. His views was based on observation and experience rather than theory and pure logic.
Aristotle thought that the set of properties that make something a substance is what defines it, it ever looses its set of properties than it looses its identity. Aristotle was Plato’ student but disagreed on some things.There are many other great philosophers including Socrates, Aquinas, Rene Descartes, and Locke.
All who has a different belief and reasoning for their beliefs than the one before. That’ s why the question What is Philosophy? What it concerns and studies will always be an open one. I? feel as though everyone should study philosophy. To study the history of philosophy and past origins is to study all the different views, peoples minds and how they think about philosophy problems of some of our everyday life questions.