Valueshave been a part of human existence since time immemorial. While navigating oursocial environment as children, we internalize these values, processing andreviewing them throughout our lives.Although these value systems are firmlyheld, they are subject to fresh inspection by each new generation, resulting inalteration of the norms.
Research has shown that the environment children growup in has a significant impact upon their moral development. In accordance withthis finding,we conducted adescriptive research to find out the impact of rural and urban subculture onthe moral development of adolescents (16-19 years of age). Data was collectedthrough convenience sampling by administering the Moral FoundationsQuestionnaire(MFQ-30 by Jesse Graham, Jonathan Haidt, and BrianNosek, 2008) and conducting ashort semi-structured interview on 100 individuals, half of whom belonged torural areas and the other half belonged to urban localities. The aforementionedcategories included equal number of male and female subjects. The criteria foridentifying ruraland urban adolescents included families with an income lowerthan Rs. 20,000 and higher than Rs. 50,000per month respectively.The purpose ofconducting this research was to find out how culture influences moraldevelopment, which in turn creates an impact on the relationships and behaviorof adolescents.
Dimensions of the scale were analyzedwhichrevealed that relativeto rural adolescents, urban adolescents were more inclined towards beingauthoritative and were less likely to engage in groupthink. Rural adolescentsbelieve that it is morally unjust for teenagers living in urban societies toinherit huge amount of wealth. It wasfound that both categories believe it isimmoral to cause physical as well as psychological harm to someone. Resultsalso suggest that adolescents with strong moral convictions against substanceabuse and high-risk sexual acts were less likely to engage in such behavior. Thesefindings have important implications for adolescents and their understanding ofmoral development.In line with the purpose, the applications of our researchare improving interpersonal relationships and decreasing maladaptive behaviorsuch as violence among adolescents.