Type 2 DiabetesType two diabetes is common health issue that affects many people. Because both my grandparents on my father’s side, the chance of me getting this disease is very good. The main organs impacted by diabetes type two are the pancreas, stomach, and intestines because it has cells called beta cells that make insulin that decreases the level of blood glucose.
The pancreas also makes glucagon, the opposite hormone, when the blood glucose level is too low to make it go up. Type 2 diabetes happens when the amount of insulin is too low, are the amount of glucagon is too high. There can also be Insulin is important because, when you eat, carbohydrates increase your body’s blood glucose level and when it gets too high, it can damage your body. Genes may help develop type 2 diabetes, but lifestyle choices are key. You can have a genetic history that increases the chances of type 2 diabetes, but if live a healthy lifestyle of your body, you may not develop diabetes. Parts of your lifestyle that affect the development of type 2 diabetes include exercise as physical activity has many benefits, one being it helps avoid type 2 diabetes.
Unhealthy meals also impact type 2 diabetes. A meal of primarily fatty foods and a lack in fiber increases the chance of diabetes. Obesity can be caused by a combination of the two issues above and can help develop diabetes or make it worse. Being obese makes you more likely to become insulin resistant and you can also develop many other health conditions. There are two major improvements that have been made to help people with type 2 diabetes.
One of these is a treatment that uses GLP-1, which is the substance responsible for the notifying the pancreas when more insulin is needed, and increases it. This means that the body will use more insulin and be able to deal with high levels of blood glucose level. The other medication blocks a molecule called DPP4, which removes GLP-1, and therefore increases the amount of GLP-1. Then, with more GLP-1, the body will use more insulin to decrease high blood glucose level. Diabetes type 2 can cause victims to develop serious diseases including blindness, kidney disease, and nerve damage that could cause amputation. People with undiagnosed diabetes also have a higher risk of heart disease and strokes. Because of this, it is ideal to have an early diagnosis.
Also, if you have any of these symptoms you might have diabetes and so you should visit a doctor.Some other signs of type 2 diabetes usually form slowly. You may even have type 2 diabetes for a long time before it is diagnosed. One of the things to look out for is an increased thirst and frequent urination because excess sugar building up in your bloodstream causes fluid to be pulled from the tissues. This may leave you thirsty. As a result, you may drink and urinate more than usual.
Increasing hunger may also be an outstanding symptom as without enough insulin to transport sugar and feed your cells, your body will run out of energy. Because of this, you obvious gain hunger; your body trying to correct this issue. Weight loss may affect you in spite of eating excessively to relieve hunger, you may lose weight. Without the ability to metabolize glucose, the body uses up the stores of alternative fuels stored in your muscles and fat. Calories are burned away as excess glucose is released in the urine.
Fatigue may also happen if you have no sugar in your cells and you may become tired and irritable. You may also experience blurred vision when your blood sugar is too high and fluids may be extracted from the lenses in your eyes. This may affect your ability to focus on objects if it becomes serious. You may also notice wounds that take a long time to heal or an increase in infections because type 2 diabetes affects the ability of healing and fighting against any infections. Areas of darkened skin may appear.
Some people that develop diabetes have areas where the skin is dark and velvety and appears in the folds, creases and other uneven parts of their bodies that are usually located on the armpits and neck. This condition is called acanthosis nigricans and it may be a sign of insulin resistance.Affected systems are digestive and circulatory system. The digestive system is affected because it is the system the deals with glucose and is responsible for using and creating insulin. The Circulatory System is affected because it is the system that uses glucose in its blood.
Glucose is important in the body because it is a main energy source for many body parts.