To begin, one ofthe ever pressing situation caused by tourism is environmental issues some examples beingglobal warming, air pollution and deforestation. Environmental issues are harmfuleffects caused by humans. Damaging the earth in the long run causingtemperatures all around the globe to rise. Climate disasters are also on the risebecause of global warming. Certain environmental damage like carbon dioxide isreleased by burning fossil fuels, wood and natural gases.
Resulting harm notjust to our health but to earth, thus contributing to global warming. Accordingto a research by Richardson and Fluker (2004) “We played a big part in globalwarming by changing the way energy from the sun interacts with and escapes fromearth’s atmosphere resulting a rise in earth’s temperature. Scientists warns usof the increased in dangers from global warming.” Some being, heavier rains andtropical cyclones and it is to affect life in parts of worlds.
Diseases such asmalaria and others will spread more rapidly to warmer climate parts of theworld. Including the melting of ice and increasing expansion in sea water,resulting in rise of sea levels threatening small islands including populartourist spot Maldives. Air pollution also plays a big role of pollution intourist sites as it requires a lot of transport essentials such as coaches,cars, planes, trains and ship. Air pollution is causing a huge damage in thenatural environment, notably the effects of acid rains in certain areas.Factors affecting human throats and lunges are attributed to poor air qualityintake causing respiratory problems such as bronchitis, skin irritation andrashes. Base on findings by Richardson and Fluker (2004) “World wide transportis responsible for 25 percent of the fossil fuels consumption around the world.”Next contribution to environmental issues regarding tourism is deforestation.The destruction of trees and wild lives have been pursued vigorously throughouthistory for a number of reasons.
Onereason being that tropical rainforest acts as powerhouse for a huge amount ofanimals, responsible for most of the evolution in our history. Tourism is alsoresponsible for the extinction of animals and plants. Findings by Goeldner andRichie (2006) “Types of attractions includes theme parks, national states parksand other recreational lands all contributes to the need of space”. Studiesshows an estimation that the Indonesia Sumatra’s forest will disappear withinthe next 20 years. Most country choose deforestation as it is a cheaper way tocreate more land in their country to accommodate the spaces needed for atourist attraction, thus affecting the health of citizens residing in theircountry.
Tourism in countries vastly contributes to the environment and thiscontributes to a long series of global warming issues. Certain countries haveeven came up with eco-tourism to cope and prevent environmental issues byprotecting special areas of heritage, nation parks and state forest with lawand certain communities was form with the agenda to prevent nature in mind.With tourism contributing to most of global warming and pollution, it certainlyhas a negative impact on earth thus we should take note on this and startlooking for improvement.