Title the 150,000 male athletes. Only 1 in 27

Title of Paper

Women athletes have been fighting for equal opportunity
for years. Title IX, a 37-word law, paved the way to do just that. The passing
of Title IX has helped provide women with more equality than ever before. Prior
to Title IX, there were a scarce number of opportunities for participation that
existed for women athletes. For example, the only physical activity that girls could
participate in for the most part was cheerleading. There was a shortage of
women athletes competing in NCAA sports; there were only around 30,000 female
athletes competing in comparison to the 150,000 male athletes. Only 1 in 27
girls played high school sports. The National Collegiate Athletic Association was
largely to blame for this. The National Collegiate Athletic Association, also
known as the NCAA, was formed in 1906 to design and implement rules in men’s
football. The NCAA became the elite “ruling body of college athletics and offered
zero athletic scholarships for women and also held no championships for women’s
teams. Furthermore, facilities, supplies and funding were all lacking for women
athletes. ” (history.com) Title IX was devised to rectify these imbalances and administer
equal rights and quality for women athletes.

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The road to equality for women in sport has been an extensive
and rough one. The journey for equality began when Richard Nixon enacted Title
IX of the Education Amendments in 1972. The sponsors of the law were Edith
Green, the House of Representatives, and Birch Bayh, the Senate. This law stated
that, “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be
excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to
discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal
financial assistance.” Essentially, Title IX prohibited sex discrimination
in any educational program or activity receiving any type of federal financial
aid. Although initially this law was designed to increase federal funding, it now
is more closely associated with gender equality in sports. By gender equality
in sports, Title IX specifies that “colleges and
universities must provide opportunity for intercollegiate competition as well
as team schedules which equally reflect the competitive abilities of male and
female athletes.”  The following
factors are put into consideration when determining whether
equal opportunities in athletics are available:  equipment and supplies, scheduling of games
and practice time, travel and per diem allowances, opportunity for coaching and
academic tutoring, assignment and compensation of coaches and tutors, locker
rooms and other facilities, medical and training services, housing and dining
services, and publicity. After the passage of Title IX, Congress “built in a
six-year period for secondary and post-secondary schools to achieve compliance.

The date for compliance by colleges and universities was 1978″.

The first major win for Title IX happened a year 1979 when
the Northwest Women’s Law Center won in a lawsuit against Washington State
University, known as Blair vs. Washington State University, forcing
the school to comply with Title IX. Women’s athletes during this time were
still not being taken seriously. The athletic director at the time was having
to make 1,200 dollars stretch to cover the expenses for volleyball, gymnastics,
basketball, field hockey, tennis and skiing while the male athletes were being
treated to private locker rooms, full resources of the athletic departments and
chartered busses. With the testimonies and support of other athletes, coaches,
and educators and the help of Sue Durrant, a coach and faculty member
represented the coaches and athletes, Karen Blair, the lead plaintiff, was able
to win the lawsuit. (https://magazine.wsu.edu/2009/07/06/history-was-made-the-fight-for-equity-for-womens-athletics-in-washington/)