Throughout the novel we get a vivid expanse of the characters and themes in Farewell to Arms. One inquiry that may surface is the question if Hemingway as a writer is he a pessimist or a realist. This is an opinionated subject based on how you read and interpret the story and the themes that you become immersed in. It is evident that Hemingway is writing in a pessimistic manner. This is shown through the events that the character endure, the character make up themselves, and the drab tone that is evident throughout the whole novel. By definition a pessimist is one tending to see the worst aspect of things or believe that the worst will happen. Representing this tone is down by over exaggerating events in the eyes of the characters and making it so that some of their reactions seem too excessive or cliche in the way that you would see it in a sad movie. The best way this idea is exemplified is by the war itself, an ultimately futile struggle that results in no winners. There is no logical reason behind all the lives that were taken. Supporting this idea is that throughout the vivid and horrific events explained in the book and known to the common person, the thing cherished most is lost in this war, love. The ability to love seems to disappear as the events are ingrained in the feeble minds of men. Corrupting them to the point of developing a lack of the ability for compassion, to the point of empathy. This novel directly describes events and people in the war, and shows the damaging of war for mankind through the description of Henry and Catherine especially. Similar to the hero, Hemingway himself was part of the Italian army and received an injury to his leg. He experienced personally the cruelty of the war, and he hopelessly returned home. Through his life he developed a pessimistic view towards life for a long time He was very much so changed by the war. He saw the society, he returned, to as one whose value seemed artificial and irrelevant. To begin with, in A Farewell to Arms, Hemingway presents us a world of self inflicted damage and chaos, of pain and destruction, and of inhimanity. Such a world produces a disillusion society, a tragic world. The ending of the novel,with the death of the catherine and her child in the hospital and frederick`s lonely return to his hotel room, clearly gives a pessimistic outlook to the novel.Technically, most of the big events or scenes in the novel are playing symbolic function in the novel.