Though the U.S still stands on top world economicand military, the rising of Chinese political and economic power in the worldbecame a threat to the power potential of the U.S. To balance the China’sdominant political and economic power in the Southeast Asia region, Obama’sregime has launched the new foreign policy essentially to maintain U.
S.dominance in the ASEAN region. The power competition within the SoutheastAsia Region is crucial.
The U.S has established closed relations with all ASEANcountries and based the military troops Within the region, except Myanmar.TheU.S has concerns about the Chinese investment in the rail and marine routeprojects which can create a shortcut from China to the Middle East and Europethrough northeast mountains to the western coast of Myanmar. These routes cangive contested to South China Sea. In these regards, the U.S urgently needs toengage its power expansion in the Southeast Asia region and the countries inthese region mutually play in vital role.Although China’s expansion of power towards Southeast Asiancountries through economic ties creates social and economic stability in theregion, its broad land and sea policy generates towards the South China Seagenerates issues between China and some ASEAN countries along the costal of theSouth China Sea.
Betweenthe Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea covers an area of3.4 million square kilometers made up of scattered island groups. As themaritime link between the Middle East and Western countries, the South ChinaSea is important for international trade. In addition, because of its maritimeproducts, natural gas and oil the countries on its coastal line countries suchas China, Vietnam, Taiwan, The Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei claimed on it. To ensure China’s one-ocean state from two-osceans (Pacific andIndian Ocean) policy, maintaining the good relations with the ASEAN countries.
Although there are power struggle between China and ASEAN on South China Sea,economic relations between the parties has developed. China approach to ASEANis mainly based on peaceful means and respect to each territorial integrity.China needs the Southeast Asia is especially for its expansion of power througheconomic cooperation as well as for its energy security. TheU.S Tresurary Department data indicates that China owns the largest amount ofU.
S debt and its jumped $44 billion to $1.15 trillion in June. Moreover, thetotal shared amount of ASEAN trade withChina is higher than that of the U.
S. According to ASEAN Secretariat data, as of November 2016,while total trade value betweenASEN-China is $ 345764 U.S millions while $ 212343 U.S million between U.
S and ASEAN. The UnitedStates needs the Southeast Asia region to maintain economic, security and strategic interests with the emergingpower of China.Peaceful cooperation and relations between USand China is important for the world peace and development. The US and Chinarelations has been always a mix of cooperation and competition. SoutheastAsia region plays strategically for the power rivalry between the China and theU.S.
The power expansion of these two world powers could create politicalissues in the region. However, as the world powers, the China and the U.S haveto cooperate in global issues such as climate change and global warming,environmental issue, terrorism, human rights and other international problems. The ASEAN mutually could collecteconomic and political opportunities of these two powers.