This nuclear accident like fear of radiation, evacuating life,

This paper
reviews the speech of Mayor Yuukou Endo, who reported the current situation in
village of Kawauchi, Fukushima prefecture in Japan. The speaker described the
current situation which occur after disaster, what kind of measures to support
the population to move from village to other places to live, shelters for the
beginning and then opening new opportunities for them took place at that time.
Moreover,  there a lot of work done to
improve the infrastructure of the village. It was impressive to know, that all
issues had been solved instantly like evacuation of the people, food, medical
and psychological help had been provided in time. This is a positive and
pleasant part of the discussion, giving the picture of that how the local
authority takes care of the people who live in that area.

However there
is sad side of the this situation which is caused by these disasters: impact of
the nuclear accident like fear of radiation, evacuating life, concerning of
health and uncertainty in the future, impatience for despair, death caused by
disaster, loss of employment, discontinuation of agriculture, forestry, and

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Now all
measures for liquidation of consequences after disaster had been implemented,
and turn cones to that time of returning people home, and this returning
operation is more difficult than evacuating. It is not something to be
restricted or limited, because Kawauchi Village takes measures to get back
administrative functions and arrange the environment for returnees on the front
line. Anyway the “Declaration of returning the viilage” was accepted in January
31, 2012. And it was proposed for residents who are ready return home and for
those who are not, they have still time to wait and see how everything will

It is lesson
to learn how local authority of this village and prefecture work on
reconstruction; first thing that had considered is:

Respect both resident’s choice and each decision, returning or leaving the

Rebuild trust between residents and the village administration;

In terms of administrative policies, start with things they could do by


Current situation in village Kawauchi, according
to the information presenter delivered is quite stable, all measures to control
radiation had been done, they prepared 10 temporary storage, many businesses
have launched their businesses, existing companies and factories are promoting
employment, some companies are desiring to expand their businesses at the
industrial park. Though they force some problems like: occupation mismatch,
salary system, difficulty of securing workforce. Health management, have continued
its job in an ordinary scenario, but still forces some problems with
hospitalization, emergency transport, core medical hospital system, and to
acquire proper  knowledge of radiation.
Social welfare councils make great job by visiting requiring special assists,
hosting social meetings for the elderly, loaning wheelchair accessible vehicle,
starting excursion-support service, consign meal services, and offering ride to
various events. Education system still need to solve some problems with that
student cannot practice club activities as a team, difficulty in going

On to high
school, there is a gap between urban areas and the village, children are in
distrust, and now they should think about how to convey local identities.

local authority provide support by:

·       Organizing
nursery school;

·       Providing
free tuition at Kawauchi Kogakujuku;

·       Organizing
after school care program;

·       Hands
on learning (trip to Atlanta, summer camp in Hokkaido, Nagasaki City
Reconstruction Kids Class);

·       Commute

·       Providing
free medical treatment.

agriculture, forestry and livestock industry, it some up with some problems
which are need to be examined:


·       To
secure bearers;

·       Harmful
rumors which is tend to be declined of motivation for farming;

·       Failure
of resource circulation;

·       Development
of spontaneously established industry.

last issue that was discussed during the presentation is infrastructure: it is
says about strong management of local authority and cohesion in the calamity of
ordinary people. Infrastructure of Kawauchi village increased by opening
commercial facilities. They strengthen the situation in disaster public housing
increasing its number up to 25. Local state support program on building private
appartments, opening Kawauchi hot springs, and fixed funeral hall. Moreover,
new bus routes were opened, as well as indoor swimming pools, special nursing
homes. They constructed roads together with National Govermnet, which is also
very impressive point.

still Mayor mentioned about major projects that should be done in 2017, among

·       Business
resumption, promotion to return;

·       House
construction subsidy;

·       Installing
security cameras;

·       Wine
making subsidy;

·       Developing
industrial park;

·       Boiler
construction of Kawauchi hot spring;

·       Source
of hot spring investigation;

·       Single
parent support;

·       Rice
warehouse paving;

·       Elementary
and junior high integrated education, improving environment;

·       Free
nursery schools.

That’s  not full range of plans that should be
implemented by the government.


examining the scale of the disaster, I believe Fukushima disaster was the most
significant nuclear incident since the 1986 year Chernobyl disaster. Though
there have been no fatalities linked to radiation due to the accident.

Energy Institute (2015) give some evidence and compared these two disasters;
key facts is following:

the 2011 accident at the Fukushima
Daiichi nuclear energy facility in Japan and
the Chernobyl accident in the
former Soviet Union in 1986
required countermeasures to protect the public. This fact netted both
accidents the highest rating on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES). However, the accidents were starkly different in
their cause, the governments’ response and health effects. The
accident at Fukushima occurred after a series of tsunami waves struck the
facility and disabled systems needed to cool the nuclear fuel. The
accident at Chernobyl stemmed from a flawed reactor design and human
error. It released about 10 times the radiation that was released after
the Fukushima accident.The
Japanese government moved rapidly to implement protective measures,
evacuating people and halting food shipments from the area. The government
also distributed potassium iodide to residents near the facility to
prevent their thyroid glands from absorbing radiation. These actions
limited any adverse health effects from the accident. Authorities
in the former Soviet Union were slow to take action to protect the supply
of food and milk, which led to a spike in thyroid cancers among children
and adolescents from consuming contaminated foodstuffs.No
deaths from radiation exposure have been attributed to the accident in
Japan. Separate studies published in 2013 by the United Nations (UN) and the World Health Organization concluded that health risks from radiation released
during the Fukushima accident are minimal, even for those “most affected,”
and there are essentially no health effects outside Japan. At
Chernobyl, 28 highly exposed workers died within four months of the
accident. Experts say there is “some evidence” of an increased risk of
leukemia and cataracts among workers who received higher doses when
engaged in recovery efforts. Long-term health monitoring of these workers
is ongoing. As of 2005, about 15 children had died from thyroid cancer.
Improved monitoring has been implemented to help ensure that thyroid
cancer is detected early, when it is highly treatable. However,
countermeasures taken over the next few years after the accident kept
radiation doses relatively low. The resulting doses “should not lead to
substantial health effects in the general population,” according to
a 2011 report from the
United Nations.