This studyon mental health among children and young people will centre on anxiety anddepression in children and young people living Nottingham the essay will beseeking to understand what anxiety is and in children and young people. This authorwill consider the role of Nottingham city council and other health careprofessionals and multi-agency in looking after children and young peoplesuffering depression and anxiety and what is the Nottingham city doing in otherto provide for early detection and prevention. This study will consider thedifficulties children and young people who are suffering from anxiety and depressionfaces within their communities in terms of access to services and the challengesmental health professionals and other health services providers go through inreaching these victims of anxiety and depression within the communities.
Mentalhealth disorders may differs when it comes to mental well-being or prolongmental health disorders. These could cause distress and most cases could have along lasting impact on individuals and family relationship as well as day today functioning of the individual, According to Nottingham city council is nocurrent data available to determine the actual numbers of children and youngpeople suffering anxiety and depression in Nottingham. Hence the data from theOffice of National Statistics (ONS) (2004) however (green et al, 2004) revealedthat in Britain school age children of at least 1 in 10 could be presented witha medically identifiable mental health disorder.The data revealed that 6% presented a conduct disorder while 4% presented anemotional disorder for example Anxiety and depression. the author argued that Boys were more likely than girls to have amental health disorder and in particular, were more likely to suffer fromconduct or hyperkinetic disorders. Whereas the Girl child may experience moreemotional health related issues compared to the boy child.
Mental health issuesare predominate among the 11-16 years compared to the 5-10 years.According the office for Nationalstatistics in (2011 to 2012) revealed that 1 in 8 children age 10 to 15presented symptoms of mental ill health the data revealed in 2017 that the boychild is 11% more likely to have mental ill health compared to the girl at 8%. According to child and adolescent mental healthservices (CAMHS) Depression and anxiety has been on a higher side by 70% percent for the past 25 years running there has been an increase in the number ofchildren and young persons presented with psychiatric problems at A&E since2009 to 2016 according to survey for parent zone. This they said is a difficultmoment for teachers and parents. The Government new funding for child andadolescent mental health services (CAMHS) received less than 0.6 per cent ofthe total NHS budget.Report published byto Joint health, Well-Being Strategy for Nottingham (2013-2018) revealed ahigher percentage of children, and young persons identified in Nottingham withmental ill heath as compared to East Midland. Mental ill health among childrenand young person’s accounts for the high mortality in Nottingham city.
However, the Joint health and Well-Being Strategyfor Nottingham (2013-2018) maintained that there are geographical differencesacross Nottingham concerning prevalence of deaths relating to mental illhealth. Inequalities, deprivation, mental health and prisoners. In an effort toImproving the wider determinants of health and factors affecting health andwellbeing and health inequalities. The Joint health andWell-Being Strategy for Nottingham (2013-2018) adopted different strategies totackle Anxiety and depression in children and young persons in partnership withjoined up solutions with focus on early interventions and prevention of mentalill health in children and young people in line with legislation, campaigns,media work and harm minimisation. The Nottingham city Clinicalcommissioning group offer support and services that help children and youngpeople with mental health issues get back on their feet from prevention tohospital treatment these services is free at the point of delivery through theGP PRACTICE they offer psychological support known as talking therapies.Working with other multi-agency providing primary care on mental health forchildren and young people such as (Wellness in mind), providinginformation, advice and support for children and young people going throughanxiety and depression.
TheNottingham city working with primary health and Wellbeing College(Nottinghamshire healthcare NHS foundation trust) offer educational servicesfocused on support through self-management to get through depression andanxiety. The Nottingham city in collaboration with (STEPS) offer acommunity base services that promotes mental awareness and wellbeing within theblack, Asian and minority ethnic communities (BAME). (OPEN DOOR PROJECT)working with Nottingham city council offer children and young people withdepression and anxiety recovery social activities example coping skillscourses, discussion groups, cookery classes, walking, Art, reading andrelaxation .other services are ( YOUR Voice, YOUR CHOICE) they offeradvocacy services for young people with mental ill health. The NOTTINGHAMCLINICAL COMMISSIONING GROUP and personalised interventions, cessation.However, given help and advices on healthy lifestyles as to make healthychoices and reduce health issues The priorities of Nottingham city include community inclusion,Public Health promotion with Health theme, Funding and safety, such as crimeand anti-social behaviour ASB, community theme, Environmental concerns as incleaner and safer environment working and unemployment ratio.According to Joint Strategic NeedsAssessment (JSNA) in order to reduce the prevalence of Anxiety and depressionin Nottingham city some strategic goals have been implemented, such asimprovement of infant health, decrease in mortality and management of long termillnesses mental health and wellbeing, reduction in drug and alcohol relatedillnesses by (2020) In conclusion, resident should be made to feel as valuedmembers of the community with a sense of inclusion and be treated equally bythe local authority to promote health and well-being in Nottingham cityCreating equal opportunity of employment, good access to health care, reducingcrime rate, poverty and deprivation will make residents feel valued in theircommunity.
This essay willconsider the economy of Nottingham city in relation to deprivation, who are themost deprived in term of area, gender, age and race within the city ofNottingham it will consider disability life expectancy with statistics. The prevalence of Anxiety and depression is higheramong those living in deprived areas In Nottingham with a higher percentage ofchildren living in poverty than the England average. According to Nottingham city council and theoffice of National statistics 2013, Aspley ward was ranked as the most deprivedward in Nottingham, and is said to be affected by multiple deprivation. This includesincome and income deprivation, which is affecting Children, Child poverty inAspley ward ranks 59.
3%compared to 39.2% in the city and21.8percentagenation-wide. All these issues are linked to worklessunemployed families with low income who rely on means tested benefit these poorconditions of living affect the general health and well-being of thepopulation. However, PeterTownsend(1979) defined poverty as Families and groups in the population, wholack the means to acquire the type of nourishment, partake in social -economicactivities and have the living conditions and recourses, which are customary,or at least widely encouraged and approved, in the societies in which theybelong. 1 JEANNE et al.
(1997), argued that lowincome is a key factor in child poverty. Resulting in the inability of theparent not having enough income to meet the basic need of their family andchildren such as food, clothing and quality accommodation, the author arguedthat because children depend on others, they enter or avoid poverty by their familyeconomic situation. Knowing children cannot change family economic status untilAdulthood.
These low-income family poverty influence children functionalitieson daily bases such as inadequate nutrition, more moderate learning outcomesexperienced and lower quality of schools. Due to their physical environment,are exposed to depression and Anxiety. Children from lower income family are likelyexposed to the dangers of domestic violence and homelessness, dangerous streetsand sometimes have less access to friends and services. Report published bythe United Nations and sustainable development Goal 1(2000).
maintained thatChildren from poorer families may likely experience greater incidence of healthissues through life course compared to the children from higher income families.The United Nations says it laid a road map to end poverty before 2030 in allits form. It also plans to ensure social protection for the poor andvulnerable.This study will look at the issues aroundsocial exclusion, education and mortality rate. Buck et al.
(2015) viewed healthinequalities as any huge disparities in health among persons and diverse groupswithin a geographical location, the author argued that these disparities couldexist in housing and employment, income lifestyle and access to quality andsafe healthcare and other services. Individuals who live in a dysfunctionalcommunities with low income and deprivation may suffer lower life expectancyand disability-free life expectancy. Health services should be tailored caterfor the individual’s and communities needs employing the use of knowledgetargeting on prevention as well as remediate of problems and commitment to theimprovement of the overall quality of life in the society. The joint health and wellbeing strategy inNottingham city council is to draw amaster plan to tackle and reduce health inequalities as well improve healthoutcomes for individual and communities. This programme run by Nottingham citycouncil health and wellbeing board has a five years planned projects(2010-2015) However it has been extended from 2015-2020. This plan andstrategic priorities has identified to achieve this goal through a partnershipwith leaders from the council clinical commissioning groups, working withmulti-agency that provide health care services and acute hospital Trust as wellas the mental health and social care Trust and Nottingham city council. Thehealth and wellbeing board has the mandate to evaluate and understand thefuture health and social care needs in line with the joint strategic Needsassessment