There is a
debate on whether the origin of globalization is a situation of modern era or
was a long chapter from the history.
Andre Gunder Frank, a greater promoter of globalization
and an economist linked dependency
theory to the globalization. He said that the increased in the trade practices
between the Indus valley Civilization and the Sumer in the third millennium was
During the Hellenistic age, the commercial urban
centers were concentrated around the Greek
culture. The trade included places like India
and Spain ( Antioch, Alexandria and
Athens are top centers)
The Roman Empire, Han Dynasty and the Parthian Empire saw the trade links
formed among themselves. The evolution of the silk route was because of the
active commercial trade between these powers.
The Islamic Golden Age- An economy was formed by the Jewish
and the Muslim traders which focused on globalization of the crops , knowledge
and education. Muslim world saw a significant growth in cultivation of sugar
and cotton. It became a necessity to know Arabic.
Empire- they used the silk route a lot for travelling. They gave permission to
travellers such as Marco Polo to make a profitable journey from one end of Eurasia
to another. This was called the Pax
Mongolica, a globalizing effect.
This was the start of the first postal service but the epidemic diseases
such as bubonic plague also started transmitting across central Asia.
Archaic Globalization is the pre modern period of globalization.
Age of Discovery –
This was first phase in which Africa and Eurasia took efforts to be a part of the new
world by cultural, material and