There to poor ventilation can exacerbate the health risks

There is a wide held belief that an  individual’s standard of health is primarily dependant on their  personal  health habits and behaviours. This  statement  suggest that anyone who engages in physical activity, healthy eating, limited use of alcohol and drugs,  and  visits the doctor regularly can  improve and maintain  a quality state of  health. While  this is true,  it does not consider  the  significant  impact social and nvironmental factors or  determinants  are conducive to  the quality of the health of not just a individual,  but a community as a whole. Studies has  extensively shown that the social and  physical environment has a  both a direct and indirect effect  on the   quality and longevity of  the health  and life  of the population within  a community. The factors in the physical environment that  determines  the   health of a community  includes  proximity to harmful substances such as  poorly disposed chemicals, and or toxic properties,  air and water  pollution, access to various health-related resources such as  healthy or unhealthy foods, recreational resources, medical care); and community design and the “built environment” (e.g., land use,  street construction,  and  transportation systems).Air Pollution     An  environment  where air quality both indoor and outdoor  is not  consistently  regulated and monitored  can lead to  pollution. Indoor air pollutants  such as  mould, building materials, home products, volatile organic and naturally occurring gases like radon sometimes due to poor ventilation can exacerbate the health risks posed by all indoor pollutants.Air  pollution  can have significant impact on   respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer based on a  large body of work  that has documented the effects of exposure to particulate matter (solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air) on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality and morbidity (Brook et al., 2010; Laumbach and Kipen, 2012; Mustafi? et al., 2012; Tzivian, 2011). Research has identified specific  causes by which these exposures affect inflammatory, autonomic, and vascular processes (Brook et al., 2010; Tzivian, 2011).        Water pollution           Drinking water quality has a major influence on public health. Surface and ground  water quality concerns apply to both drinking water and recreational waters. Contamination by infectious agents or chemicals can cause mild to severe illness. Protecting water sources and minimizing exposure to contaminated water sources are important parts of environmental health.While Improvements in water quality have dramatically improved the public’s health in the United States. There are some old challenges remain, and new ones are emerging. For some communities, access to plentiful healthy water is, or may soon be, limited by the presence of environmental pollutants in local water sources, drought and aquifer depletion that limits water availability, flooding events that overwhelm local treatment capacity, local weather changes associated with climate change, new and more stringent regulations, or failures in water-related infrastructure. work with public health partners to protect public health by assessing and mitigating waterborne exposures and related diseases.