There is a wide held belief that an individual’s standard of health is primarily dependant on their personal health habits and behaviours. This statement suggest that anyone who engages in physical activity, healthy eating, limited use of alcohol and drugs, and visits the doctor regularly can improve and maintain a quality state of health. While this is true, it does not consider the significant impact social and nvironmental factors or determinants are conducive to the quality of the health of not just a individual, but a community as a whole. Studies has extensively shown that the social and physical environment has a both a direct and indirect effect on the quality and longevity of the health and life of the population within a community. The factors in the physical environment that determines the health of a community includes proximity to harmful substances such as poorly disposed chemicals, and or toxic properties, air and water pollution, access to various health-related resources such as healthy or unhealthy foods, recreational resources, medical care); and community design and the “built environment” (e.g., land use, street construction, and transportation systems).Air Pollution An environment where air quality both indoor and outdoor is not consistently regulated and monitored can lead to pollution. Indoor air pollutants such as mould, building materials, home products, volatile organic and naturally occurring gases like radon sometimes due to poor ventilation can exacerbate the health risks posed by all indoor pollutants.Air pollution can have significant impact on respiratory infections, heart disease and lung cancer based on a large body of work that has documented the effects of exposure to particulate matter (solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air) on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality and morbidity (Brook et al., 2010; Laumbach and Kipen, 2012; Mustafi? et al., 2012; Tzivian, 2011). Research has identified specific causes by which these exposures affect inflammatory, autonomic, and vascular processes (Brook et al., 2010; Tzivian, 2011). Water pollution Drinking water quality has a major influence on public health. Surface and ground water quality concerns apply to both drinking water and recreational waters. Contamination by infectious agents or chemicals can cause mild to severe illness. Protecting water sources and minimizing exposure to contaminated water sources are important parts of environmental health.While Improvements in water quality have dramatically improved the public’s health in the United States. There are some old challenges remain, and new ones are emerging. For some communities, access to plentiful healthy water is, or may soon be, limited by the presence of environmental pollutants in local water sources, drought and aquifer depletion that limits water availability, flooding events that overwhelm local treatment capacity, local weather changes associated with climate change, new and more stringent regulations, or failures in water-related infrastructure. work with public health partners to protect public health by assessing and mitigating waterborne exposures and related diseases.