There are eight steps to the Scientific method. The first
thing is choosing a topic; this obviously differs depending on what is trying
to be accomplished. The next step is to develop a research question, this question
is what will hopefully be solved at the end of this research project, it is
what the whole project is revolved around. The next step is reviewing previous
research, while doing this it is important to make observations, this will help
in every step of the future research. Using these observations from the
previous research will benefit the formulating of a hypothesis. This hypothesis
is what will help formulate more questions as the research continues. Using all
of this information already found, this will help you to figure out the
research method to use. After the research method is chosen, the lab will be
run and the data from that run should be collected. After the data, has been
collected, the data will be analyzed, looking for everything and making more
observations based off of the data. Using the information developed from the
data and observations should be used to draw a conclusion. All of the conclusions
made and data collected should be reported for a thorough lab report.
Qualitative research is used to understand reasons,
opinions, and motivations. It is an exploratory type of research that provides
insight into the problem or develops ideas or hypothesizes. “Qualitative data
collection methods vary using unstructured or semi-structured techniques” (DeFranzo).
Common methods include focus groups,
individual, interviews, and participation/observations. It can uncover trends
and help to develop more about the problem.
Quantitative research is used to generate numerical data or
data that can be used as statistics. It formulates facts and is more structured
than Qualitative research; this research is used to quantify behaviors, opinions,
and other defined variables.