The history of theRoman Empire is a fascinating one as the city move from being a city to acapital of one of the greatest empires known to the world. The Roman Empirerose between 5th BCE and 1st CE.
The rise to prominencelies within early political institutions of Rome. Its prominence continued asit replicated its governance system across all the conquered lands. The politicalsystem of the early Roman Empire was it source of its strength. After theousting of the King in 509 BCE, two consuls were selected to rule upon theRoman Empire. The two rulers could veto each other’s decisions meaning thatthis was a check and balance system. The consuls worked together with the twoRoman classes of the wealthy (patricians) and the commons (plebeians), however,only the patricians could hold political office thus becoming senators who wereimportant in making decisions in the empire. Rome consolidatedits power through its mighty military which reflected the voting system ofRome. Only wealthy people were allowed in the military service because they hada right to protect their wealth thus making better and motivated soldiers.
TheRoman military was vital for acquiring new lands which were conquered as theRoman Empire came into contact with the rest of the world. Rome succeededmostly because it did attempt to make Romans out of the conquered people;rather it incorporated them into the Roman Empire allowing them to maintaintheir culture and governance institutions but under the Roman rule. Conclusion From the abovecompilation it is clear that the political institutions of the early RomanEmpire were the source of its strength. The Roman Empire’s military was alsoimportant for expansion. The Roman military reflected its voting system. Theincorporation of other people in the conqoured lands was also important in theexpansion of the Empire.