The using contraception at their time of getting pregnant,

The other piece of evidence is a quantitative and qualitative research “Young women’s experiences of unintended pregnancy and abortion” (Bury,at.el 2015). The quantitative and qualitative research was carried out because the number of young women who were undergoing an abortion had increased.  The number included those who had one or several abortions. The number of abortions in England and Wales increased in 2013 to 185 331 from 185122 in 2012,( bury at.el ) The method they use was cross-sectional survey amongst  16 to 24 years old young women.Among the recruited women 25% were  16-18 years, 38%  aged 19-21 and 37% 22-24years.  They recruited those young women who had booked for abortions to be undertaken at one of Marie Stopes International centres, 430 young women took quantitative interview across England and Wales. Furthermore 36 of the young women had qualitative interviews. Between five and eight months  17 of the 36  young women were interview again (qualitative interviews). They were asked several questions including their contraception usage. Marie Stopes International, UK conducted this research in order for local sexual health strategies and services help young women prevent more unwanted pregnancies. From the research the results were, although 57% of these young women were using contraception at their time of getting pregnant, there was 26% of women who admitted they were not using contraception properly, Others reported poor information on contraception methods, cultural or religious boundaries, feeling anxious or misconceptions of side effects.  These younger women were also have been more likely to have sexual experience very young and poor users of contraception at their initial sex activity. Recommendations included, enhancements of the quality of information for women who use contraception pill, about when it can lose efficacy, assist in the more effective use of contraception methods and ongoing support to those women. More Information and availability of provision of a full variety of contraception

I chose the piece of evidence because it covers the age group which improvements on sexual health is needed. By reducing abortion we are enhancing sexual health because unintended pregnancies have health problem especially among adolescents which include pregnancy-induced high blood pressure which could lead to low weight infant, ) if someone gets pregnant it means they are more likely to get sexually transmitted diseases thereby putting their health at risk such as medical The strength of this piece of evidence is that they did their research using first-hand information from the individuals who have just experienced abortion. In addition, they did qualitative interviews to get into detail information about the data they collected through quantitative interviews. They collected data from a reliable source and analysed then draw conclusions. The research adds to our perception of these young women and their post-abortion contraceptive behaviours as there has been no other research of this type. The findings are clear, and the article is clearly outlined and the inclusion of quotes from the interviews.

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The limitations to this piece of evidence were that young women who could not speak English fluently were omitted from the research hence we won’t know what actually happens in ethnic minorities and how best they could be helped. The researchers relied on the information given by the women undertaking the survey about previous abortions which might be untrue. The interview time was very short hence factors like sexual behaviour which might have been used to foretell some of the factors was left out.

The last piece of evidence I searched online is a quantitative cohort research, “Chlamydia trachomatis Incidence and Re-Infection among Young Women – Behavioural and Microbiological Characteristics”, (Walker J, Tabrizi SN, Fairley CK, Chen MY, Bradshaw CS, Twin J, et al. 2012) The research’s purpose was to estimate the incidence of young women  in Australia aged 16 to 25’s incidence and reinfection of chlamydia and  explore the dynamics of chlamydia organism load. Because young women have a high rate of reinfection hence the need for coherent partner treatment and retesting. Vaginal swabs were taken for chlamydia tests between 3and 6 months intervals from 1116 women. This was done at primary care clinics in Australia when they had attended the clinics for any reason after a written consent was acquired. The results included half of the infected women had a reinfection between 3.5 and 6.6 months. The organism load was more in prevalent infected individuals as compared to incident infections. The individuals who had quite a few sex partners were prone to incident infections. The study’s recommendations were controlled plan of action to minimise both prevalent and reinfections by improvement on partner notifications and effective treatments as well as retesting at 3months. They could do this by sending a reminder for re-testing and screening kits as it would be a successful strategy.


I chose this the piece of evidence because chlamydia affects a considerable number of young women, In 2016 England had more young women aged 14 to 24 years who were diagnosed with the sexually transmitted disease than young men .,(Public health England). Of the 20000 people who tested positive for chlamydia in 2013, 70% of them were under 25s, (NHS choice). Effectively treating chlamydia will improve the sexual health of young women because if it goes undiagnosed it can cause a few long-term health problems including, pain during sex, ectopic pregnancy or chronic pelvic pain.  I also chose the research because it returned a considerable amount of recruitment response (66%)considering the sensitivity of the subject.  The limitations of the research are that the women we’re only those well-educated and as well had several partners hence they were not typically all 16 to 25-year women of Australia. The women self-reported their sexual behaviour which might be biased.

complications. If the young women improve their sexual health they are preventing this unintended pregnancy to happen in the first place.