The these tasks , also this involves the understanding

The Management Functions

Management is
commonly described using the concepts of planning, controlling, organising and
leading, these concepts are defined as follows;

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Planning involves
the selection of visions and objectives to achieve a given set of goals. It
requires decision making and establishment of ideas. To elaborate on this, plans
range from overall decisions made to the actions taken associating them in
other words no real plan can exist until a decision has been made. In planning
the manager must define goals for the future of organisational performance and
decide the methods to use in attaining these tasks , also this involves the
understanding of the organisations environment and how the Morden wold has
influenced it politically , socially and economically (Misetic,
Two important elements of decision making are gathering and analysing information.
As has been said earlier decision making and planning go side by side or they
work hand in hand when it comes to the setting up of and organization. It can
also be described as the directing of an organizations activities through
development of the organizations goals. With the planning function of the
management functions many forms of decision making are involved. In
planning it is essential to allow employees to participate in decision making
to develop ideas which may offer valuable insights (Schraeder, et al., 2014). The new ideas are
likely to have a positive impact on the future of the company and the quality
of work done since the different employees have different skills and knowledge
on issues (Schraeder, et al., 2014).


Organizing is
usually the next step that follows planning, it reflects how the organisation
will define decisions that have been taken in the planning stage and how it
aims to achieve its plans. Organizing has to do with assigning tasks and
responsibilities to employees within the organization and grouping the tasks
into departments and allocating resources to these departments (Misetic,
is the management function that has to do with assigning duties for accomplishment
of tasks. The organising function consists of a various number of activities
which are related  straightforward in the
dividing of resources foe achievement of plans and goals that were developed in
the planning function (Schraeder, et al., 2014).This function
includes processes like human resource management since the practice of human
resource management serve a crucial part or play an important role in
activities such as job design and assignment of job duties (Schraeder, et
al., 2014).
It therefore becomes essential that the organization adopts transparency since
it is needed for employees to gain a sense of being fully aware of how the
organization works (Schraeder, et al., 2014).In the organization
process it is essential for enterprises to establish , build or design an
organisational structure in order to keep track or locate who is in charge of
what to define the kind of jobs that must be done and find the right people to
do them.


After procedures
are set and plans are produced, the primary task of management is to find a way
to guarantee that these plans are executed or completed. This process is termed
as the critical control function of management (Massachusetts
Technology, 1982).
Furthermore since management includes the coordination of others a major part
of the control function is knowing what individuals ought to do and ensuring
that the work is done (Massachusetts Technology, 1982).In doing so every
organization must deploy methods of assuring that the control function is
carried out.This function is mainly about managing employees activities and
keeping the organisation on track with its goals and correcting mistakes where
needed (Schraeder, et al., 2014).Organisations of
today tend to control driven by the notion of trust by training their employees
to monitor and control themselves. The main purpose of this function is to make
corrections. Also in order to implement successful controlling methods in an
organization determining what to measure in terms of the degree of tasks being
done and having processes to evaluate or analyze and respond to their feedbacks
is where many organizations lack. A typical example
will be the controlling of a budget for expenses made. This process will
involve the measuring and correcting of even the most minor of workers to
ensure events correspond with plans made in planning function. The controlling
function measures performance against plans and goals (Schraeder, et
al., 2014).



This is
the function associated with influencing and motivation of employees to achieve
the organizations goals by creating an environment where cultures and values of
employees are respected in the communication of goals to encourage them perform
to the best of their capabilities. In sustaining employee engagement
but too often managers are not equipped enough to engage with employees causing
conflicts in the organization and this affects the level of work. From the
employee’s perspective engagement has to do with being treated as equals or
being trustworthy and encouraged to Each managerial
function discussed above finally come down to the function of leading as they
will need to be coordinated by a leader (Schraeder, et al., 2014). To elaborate on
this it is observed that the act of leading is a key process in the execution
of the management functions because individuals often portray their interests
in different ways and as a result of this employees under an organization will
need leadership to assist their efforts towards attaining mutual goals in order
to harmonize individual goals to contribute to the organizations goals (Conkright A,
leadership theory is one that can create complexity with all organizations , it
entails the philosophy that employee engagement is a key trade of leadership.
It is believed that transformational leadership 
with a well structured management model seems to have a natural fit in
creating an employee engagement model (Conkright A, 2015).Finally leaders are
encouraged to apply motivation techniques to engage employees so as to prevent
them form falling short of the goals of the organization.