TheRepublic of the Philippines is a unitary, presidential, representative, anddemocratic republic, wherein the President is both the head of state andgovernment (Sawe B., 2017). As a democratic republic, the citizens are wherethe ultimate authority and power are derived from (Spunky Pundit, 2013). Assuch, the people are the one who have the power to decide and appoint theofficials who will run the government. This done through a process known as anelection. Election, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, is the officialprocedure of choosing a person for public office by voting. Citizens of thenation, who are of legal age, are given a chance to vote for whoever they wishto lead the government.
Although this age-old practice was practiced since thetime of Ancient Athens and the Roman Empire, the origin of elections in thecontemporary society started in the 17th century. It is the timewhen the holistic of representation distinguishing the Middle Ages wasconverted into a more individualistic conception, one that made the individualto be the critical unit that is counted. As time progressed, people who seekfull democracy favored the advocacy of universal adult suffrage. In thebeginning, only men were allowed to vote however, with the rise of advocates ofwomen suffrage, women were eventually allowed to vote as well (Gibbins R.,Eulau H., Webb P.D.
, 2015). Democracy came to be as an opposition to the beliefof the absolute rule of a monarch. As Democracy was established so did theprocess of election. Elections were held in order for the citizens of thenation to have a say on who should be the people in the government and how thegovernment should be run. The process of election is held in order to ensurethat the government is of the people, for the people, and by the people.However, in every election that we have, issues of electoral abuse always arise,such as vote buying and propaganda issues.
Thus we dive into one of the mainproblems about election: “Is our election process really fair?” In my opinion,our election process is not fair.