The study bySelcuk and Yavuz (2018) was conducted to examine any potential correlationbetween the style of parenting, and the way parents feed their children aslikely predictors for obese/overweight preschoolers as well as the child’s temperament.The research of 61 normal weight preschoolers (29 girls and 32 boys), and 61 inthe obese/overweight preschoolers (29 girls and 32 boys) in TurkeySpecifically, 13 obese children (4 girls and 9 boys), and 48 overweight children(25 girls and 23 boys). The age of the participants ranged from five to sixyears old. The data was a self-report journal, which was kept by the mothers ofthe preschoolers with the combination of the parenting styles (authoritative/authoritarian),the parental feeding practices (restrictive, pressure to eat, and monitoring),and the child’s temperament (negative affect). Both parents of the childrencompleted a form of demographic information including, their child’s age, theireducational statue, and their height and weight, which were used to calculatethe parents’ BMI. They also completed a Child-Feeding Questionnaire for measuringthe maternal behavior regarding the type of control they have over their child’seating, and a Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire, to measure thelevel of parenting styles of mothers.
In addition, there were conducted homevisits to measure the child’s height and weight, and to collect the completedquestionnaires. It was concluded that there wasn’s a sexdifferenced in the variables of the results. The research supported their hypothesis, thatthe style of parenting as well as the feeding practices of the parent would bea factor to the status of a child’s weight.
Authoritarian parenting has the mosteffect for childhood obesity/overweight problems, and pressure to eat had themost influence. There was a significant amount of authoritarianparenting for the obese/overweight children, than those of the normal weightchildren.