The population of Texas is changing because there is more diversity of minorities such as immigrants, gays, women and Latinos. Since there are more minorities in these cities like Dallas, Houston, or Austin have a more diverse population, thus creating a different way of thinking that differ with the traditional views and values that Texas once might had. Creating a more liberal way of thinking valued by the democratic party, however, it produces a problem for the Republican party that right now dominates. Some of the places mentioned in chapter 1 “The Political Culture, People and Economy in Texas” were once dominated by the Democratic Party, however, over the years the Republican has taken a role as the main conservative politic in this state. For example, “the Interior Lowlands a rural population that had an economy based on agriculture, practically switched to the Republican party”. (Chap.1, pg.10) However, it’s interesting that since the Basin and Range Province is located at the Lower Río Grande, its political culture of a liberal and democratic party stayed until this date because most of its citizens are Latinos. (Chap. 1, pg.10). This significates that a geographical point has relations with the political culture and ideals a place might have; the more, minorities there are for a population changes the traditionalist views and conservative politics a state has.
Some of the possible political implications is the capitalist economy reshaping its form, like Joseph Schumpeter explains the economy as “creative destruction”. Schumpeter explains the three waves: cotton, cattle and railroad system, the oil industry, and technological market. (Chap.1, pg. 11) The technological advances attracted immigrants in San Antonio, where the crops where most concentrated and after the civil war there were barbered wires (1870) to protect lands, railroads and plow to help the production of these plantations. These immigrants created a “sharecropper system” where actual farmers-owner would lend their animals or tools for productivity, therefore receiving half of the actual price. This system made a cycle-economic crisis because most of these farmers couldn’t receive their profits until they paid their debts, which was difficult. And the sharecropper system made a political outburst, because immigrants and the population that already lived there weren’t in agreement of their distinct-individual’s views; thus, forming tension on both sides after the 1920’s. Then, the oil industry changed the political economy by the 1890’s after the Civil War. Providing oil for transportation of ships and railroads, plantation as energy; also, created a “Interstate Highway System” for auto-transportation in Texas. This industry made the population grow and the economic rise could collapse depending on prices. The Texas Railroad Commission was a democratic party in the 1960’s that was involved with the oil industry and population in Texas in charge of spacing rules this industry had to follow. (Chap.1, pg.15) With the oil industry trade, there was enough economic power to promote programs of education and health, historical preservation, arts and social services named the Meadows Foundations in 1948 which promotes economy growth. (Chap. 1, pg. 16). Illegal immigration affects the economy positively with military bases in San Antonio, increasing the global trade with the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) signed by President George Bush in 1992, technology industry with oil manufacturing from Houston, technology of Texas Instruments and International airport manufactured in Dallas, manufacturing Dell’s computers in Austin. The negative affect of illegal immigrations of NAFTA because of t cheaper labor of Mexicans, “Sharecropper system” and within-immigration of citizens causes a disturbance of economic growth in Texas.
On the “You Decide: Voice of Texas” passage, Dan Patrick supports legal immigration, but refuses illegal immigration that is mostly from Latinos. Julian Castro considers that those whom immigrated illegally go to college, serve in the army, should be granted citizenship. (Chap.1, pg.36) “Illegal immigrants” should have the opportunity to establish even if it badly affects the US economy, because the United States of America flourished due to immigration around the world in search of a better life. Therefore, how can we deny the entry of this “promise land” based on liberty and prosperity that our ancestors provided. Nevertheless, Latinos along with other immigrants shouldn’t be punish for terrorist attacks they did not commit. Immigration is necessary for the economy, prosperity and most of all liberty, citizenship should not be restricted to those whom are born in the states.
An immigration compromise should be possible to please both demands of granting citizenship and ensuring security on US boarders. Citizenship should be granted to those whom immigrate from any part of the world to the US with the condition that major crimes such as fraud, murder or rape should be reason for deportation, and US boarders must be more secured to guarantee national protection. Texas should monitor immigrants and be under conditions of labor and contribute for the collection of tax purposes and political representation with the conditions of resigning their national rights and assuming the US citizenship.