The meaning of “Safeguarding is the action that is taken to promote the welfare ofchildren and protect them from harm”(NSPCC no date) this relates to children’scare and education because EYPs have a duty to have the correct knowledge ofsafeguarding and be trained to see signs of abuse . For example in my placementwe have a set safeguarding officer or a “designated lead”(Kelly 2016)who wentthrough extra training all eyps would tell any concerns about a child to thedesignated lead.
Their designated lead will write reports on all the childrenin the setting and will be speaking to other agencies this is important for safeguardingas there are always up to data documents on a child so it is clear to see ifthere was a slide in the child’s behavior or development and the cause can beinvestigated. Early years settings will have safeguarding policies andprocedures in place to keep children safe this could include risk assessmentsand checks around the placement something as small as not having plug socketcovers can pose a risk to small children. Requiring all people with access tothe children to be DBS checked this minimizes the risk to the children aspeople with a previous history of abuse will not be able to access the childrenthis also comes under safeguarding.
This improves the child’s education in thesetting as all practitioners are there as they want to help and care for the childrennot damage them. This will mean the practitioners will give the children a goodeducation. This is important as it gives children and parents a trust in thesystem they are in so they will feel safe and relaxed and can thrive in theenvironment they have been put in. Safeguarding is also important because ofprevious abuse cases that were not discovered before it was too late childrensuch as baby P (Peter Connelly) and Victoria Climbie who were failed by thesafeguarding system so it is important now that it is done thoroughly and properly.An EYP has a big responsibility as partof their job is to recognize and report safeguarding issues for this reason maysettings do different checks on children through observation and are in goodcontact with other agencies such as social services Abuse and neglect caneffect a child’s education and development which is why safeguarding isimportant.
A child may become withdrawn, lack confidence in the classroom andalways be worrying about their home life so will fall behind in learning developmentand education. These are all signs EYPs have to look for when observing thechildren in their care. Another reason safe guarding is important is because itcan be used teach children health and safety. Children do not automaticallyknow how to be safe and stay out of danger so eyps have a responsibility tothink of all health and safety for children and teach the children how to besafe and to keep others safe. For example an eyp will teach a child the properway to use scissors and be safe with them. This is so the child will not hurtitself or others in the setting. Practitioners cansupport children’s wellbeing and development by making sure they are up to dateon the latest safeguarding training available and also have a good knowledge ofthe EYFS so they know what level of education the children they are caring forshould be at and the milestones they should be hitting. This way thepractitioner can recognise if there is a problem or delayed development in thechild this could be a clue that something at home if the setting is not rightfor the child .
This could also be a good indication that the child may needhelp with learning or assessing for a learning difficulty for example the childmay have dyslexia. Dyslexia adventures have developed their safe guardingpolicies for children with learning difficulties stating that people should be “Treatingchildren and young people with respect and dignity”(dyslexia adventures 2012) .A setting could do this by giving a child a support worker who can help themmake progress and not put them down about making less progress than the rest ofthe class. The child should also be made to understand that it is nothing to beashamed of .A practitioner can support wellbeing and development by keepinggood open lines of communication between them and the parents as the family iswhere the child spends most of its time and the practitioner can get a clearerpicture of the child’s home life. Having a good relationship with parents canalso give practitioners a good insight on the child’s personality and behaviourat home as well as in the setting this safeguards the child as practitionerscan then identify a change in behaviour this could be due to bullying or achange in home life this may be abuse or neglect. The practitioner could “offersupport for extended learning at home” (Hodder education 2013) this would aidthe development of the child. If there was then a lack of improvement it may bea wellbeing of the child issue rather than development the eyp would have tospeak to the designated lead.
This is because “persistent emotional abuse canstunt children’s motivation to learn” (Lindon j 2008) Policies and procedures are important in an earlyyears setting. A policy will state the values of the setting that give guidanceon how they act. Procedures “provide details of what will be done”(Lindon j2008) This could be how they will stay in l line with their policies or whatwill be done if the policy is broken. The policies and procedures are put inplace to protect all people in the setting.
Early years setting will also have a mobile phone and camerapolicy to protect the children as pictures of the children should not be takenif unauthorised mobile phones can also be dangerous if used incorrectly by achild as they have access to speak to anyone if they found a practitioners phone.For this reason most settings only allow staff to use their phones on staff breaksand other than that the phones should be kept in a safe place away from thechildren A setting may have a specific device allowed for photography that allkeyworkers share to document progress but no personal devices should be used tophotograph the children. For example in the lady bird preschool “Only the designated Ladybird Pre-school cameras are tobe used to take any photos within the setting”(ladybird preschool 2012) This is because if the photographs fall into the wrong handsharm can come to the child. Some parents may also require that photographs arenot taken of their children because of home issues or not wanting their child’sphoto to be put on the schools online website if this is the case they theparent will sign a form giving the reasons why and that will be kept by thesetting.
Many settings will also have an e safety policy this is tosafeguard the children and make sure they are safe online and know the dangersof being online. Part of the policy may be to have classes on e-safety practitionersmay also have o take e safety and e learning courses to make sure theinformation they are giving to the children is correct. Children should betaught how the information they put out may not be used correctly by people online.”Rigorous online safety policies and procedures are essential to safeguardingchildren online”(uk safer internet centre 2018) After many cases of onlinegrooming of children it is a settings responsibility to teach children how tostay safe online as well as the parents. Often parents too will be given leafletson e safety this ids to safeguard the children at home and make sure they arenot being contacted by inappropriate people as many children’s games have chat boxes.Because the parents have been made aware they can monitor their internet accessof their children to stop any harm coming to them. Parents may be made aware of’kid safe’ settings that can be put onto computers and wifi.
Routines supportchildren in relation to safeguarding in an early years setting as a certain setof actions with a child’s keyworker will build up a child’s trust in thekeyworker as the same thing always happens and they are stable this mayencourage the child to open up to the key worker and tell them if there is anyabuse or neglect happening in their home life. Small actions such as alwayshaving a morning song and goodbye song and set meal times will show a child thesetting is a stable safe place that they can feel comfortable in and they knowwhat is expected of them. Having a set routine is also comforting for as childand make them feel at ease as they always know what is coming next in the day.A routine of always doing a register in the morning willsafeguard a child as the practitioners will know exactly how many children andwhich children are in the setting that day. This means practitioners will bealert if a child goes missing and will be able to do something about it soonersuch as ringing the police lessening the danger to the child who may have ranaway or been taken. A setting will also have a good record of the attendance ofall children so will be able to spot if there may be a problem at home if achild has stopped coming to the setting. The attendance register also is usedin the event of emergency situations such as a fire authorities andpractitioners will know how many children were in the building and how manyhave been evacuated from the building.The routine of always washing hands before snack time lunchtime after messy activities and after going to the toilet safeguards thechildren as they will not become ill due to germs in the setting.
It alsoteaches the children good hygiene and how to stay clean out of the setting to.Washing hands will also stop the spread of diseases in a setting this protectsthe children and the staff. “all children benefit from having a routine to meettheir hygiene needs”( meggit,c , bruce,t2015) Good hygiene will also improve the attendance of children as they willnot become ill which in turn will benefit their education so they can make moreprogress. Legislations are putin place that benefit children for example the “Children and Families Act2014″(NSPCC no date) added a number of reforms one of which being that a childcan stay with a foster family up until 21 as long as both parties are happythis will benefit children in an early years setting because they know theywill always have a stable home if they are in the care system. This benefits achild’s education in early years settings as they will not be moved around socan make constant progress with practitioners that know a child well and cansupport the child properly in ways they know fits a child’s personality. Thisrelates to safeguarding as having a stable environment to grow up in with boundariesand support will lessen the likelihood of abuse happening outside of the familyas an abuser would see that they are in a stable family home where the child islikely to tell the guardians as they trust them. It also safeguards a child’smental health as being moved around and never having an emotional connectionwith the people caring for you is extremely damaging as no attachment is everformed from the child. Never feeling loved or like they belong will alsoincrease the likelihood or conditions such as depression or anxiety as theynever know what will happen next children in care are actually 4 times morelikely to suffer mental health conditions.
This may mean they will alsostruggle to form other relationships in the early years setting withpractitioners and children this could damage their education and cognitive developmentas well as social and emotional.The Data Protection Act 1998 will give guidelines for thesetting the most appropriate way for information to be stored and what informationis confidential. If information is confidential it should be kept in a lockedfiling cabinet or on a computer locked folder. “The DataProtection Act 1998 is not a barrier to sharing information”(millfield children’s centre 2010) this is because sometimes information needsto be shared between professionals to properly safeguard children .however theact does make sure information is shared with only appropriate people and in asafe way. This act is important as it stops un authorised people gaining accessto children’s information this safeguards as paedophiles will often targetvictims due to having information on them and being able to learn about them.This takes the power away from people who want to harm the children in thesetting.
Inclusive practice “aims to ensure that allstudents have equal access to educational opportunities” (Staffordshireuniversity no date) this is done in an early years setting for disabledchildren by adapting activities/games so that every child in the setting canjoin in this could happen by putting grips on toys so that children who havelimited movement can still hold the toys and play with other children. Thiswill support the child’s personal social and emotional development as they getto interact with other children and their surroundings. This also safeguards asit lessens the likelihood the child will be bullied as the child will not beseen as different to the other children if joining in with games. It alsosafeguards the children as it takes away the possible dangers that could face adisabled child if things were not adapted for example if there were not grips/handlesput on the cutting tools then a childmay get cuts on their hands .Another way inclusive practice can beimplemented is through mixed ability groups throughout the practice.
This takesaway the stigma of a child of being in the bottom set which can damage theirconfidence as they may feel stupid. Being in a bottom set can also effect a child’scognitive development as they may lose the motivation to learn and feel as thoughthere is little point in them trying to improve because not a lot is expectedof them. Splitting children up based on intelligence also creates a big dividebetween them and could cause tension when children are brought together to playas one group may feel they are better than the others this could lead tobullying. A mixed ability set gives a child a challenge and helps them toprogress as they try to match or better their peers. Lower ability children mayalso make more progress as they will learn from the other children too. This isan important part of safeguarding as a child lacking in confidence will notfeel good enough and this causes harm to the child’s mental health. “Children should be taught inmixed-ability classes to boost standards and self-esteem among all students” (Paton,g2009)