The prosperity of Florida, the Sunshine State, began with the first Floridians that migrated years ago. The tension between the Spaniards and natives, led to the Adams-Onis Treaty which permitted the U.S to obtain the territory. Later, on November 5, 1968 the Florida Constitution was ratified.
how gov works The Native Americans, who were known as Florida’s First People, migrated to the state 12,000 years ago. While fish was their prominent source of food, other local fauna were hunted, including mastodons and mammoths. (Hart and Chang, 2007, p.33) The year of 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon and “a force of about 65 people, including sailors, soldiers, Indian slaves and Africans” sailed from Puerto Rico and landed on the Native Americans land. As they set foot on the land, the land was claimed “in the name of King Ferdinand of Spain”. De Leon presumed that he encountered a large island, hence, he dubbed the land la Florida to give recognition to a Spanish Easter celebration, Pascua Florida. (Cannavale, 2006, p.
14) Moreover, Florida was not only home to Native Americans and Spaniards, but to a great quantity of African American slaves as well. Wealthy white planters from Georgia and the Carolina’sdescended onto the new U.S territory with their families and slaves.
The population grew over 50,000 people, “with African Americans slaves making up almost half of that number”. The plantation owners in central Florida succeeded in making Florida a slave state in March 1845. (Hart and Chang, 2007, p.43-44) Nevertheless, Abraham Lincoln’s actions improved to abolish slavery in the west and south. On January 10, 1861, Florida seceded from the Union, and became a separate state, meaning it would not recognize the United States as its government and would begin to make their own laws. (Florida’s Role in the Civil War: Supplier of the Confederacy, 2009, para. 2-3)Tension with the natives led to negotiations with the Spanish which introduced the Adams-Onis Treaty on February 22, 1819, allowing the U.
S. to purchase the Florida territory. (Cannavale, 2006, p. 103) Although Florida’s efforts in the Civil War led them to financial debt, the rise of railroad construction in the 1900s, and World War II, eventually brought an increase to their economy. (Florida History: 8 Events that Shaped the State, 2017, para. 8-9) Since Florida was a segregated state there was a lot of tension between blacks and whites, which created an issue for the tourist industry.
Therefore, the violence increased in severity, pressuring Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which proscribed discrimination. (Hart and Chang, 2007, p. 50) Regardless, “by 1940 Florida was still the most sparsely populated southern state” and within 50 years, due to the rise of technology, such as air conditioning, drainage, insect control, cars, trucks and airplanes, it made it a more comfortable place for inhabitants to live. (Hart and Chang, 2007, p.
51)The U.S. Constitution contains essential laws and warrants basic rights for citizens.
Furthermore, regarding the main purpose of the state constitution, it “lays down governmental structure, political processes, and limitations on the use of power by a state in the U.S”. (State Constitution Law and Legal Definition, 2016, para. 1) When analyzing these two Constitutions, we can conclude that they both have differences and similarities. Florida requires a commission to review the Constitution every 20 years for proposing changes. Unlike the United states, it allows for Amendments but does not require consistent review. (FL Const., art.
XI, sec. 2) During the Amendment process, ? of both Houses in the U.S Congress shall consider proposing an Amendment to the Constitution. Legislatures of ¾ of several States, is just enough to ratify the suggested Amendment. (U.S Const., art.
V) On the other hand, the citizens of Florida have the reserved initiative to propose the revision or amendment of any portion in their Constitution. When the proposed amendment is approved by an electors vote of at least 60% and a legislative vote of ¾, it is now part of the Constitution. (FL Const., art. XI, sec. 5a-e) Though both constitutions differentiate, they contain resemblances as well.Comparatively, both Constitutions begin the Preamble with “We the people”, meaning that the government receives its powers from the people.
Furthermore, they both talk about the need to make the best government that they can, to ensure domestic tranquility, and to provide freedom. Moreover, all legislative power will consist of a Senate and a house of representatives for both Constitutions. (U.S.
Const., art. I, sec.
1) According to both Constitutions, all bills raising revenue originates in the House of Representatives. (U.S Const., art.1, sec.
7)As Florida being “the South’s most urban and the nation’s fourth most populous state”, it has to look appealing to tourists. (Hart and Chang, 2007, p.51) In order for the government to run successfully, the governor plays a big role in how things flow throughout the state, county and cities. The governor of Florida, Richard L.
Scott is focused on creating jobs and turning Florida’s economy around. Richard “recognized how patients could be better served by improving hospital efficiency, lowering costs, and focusing on better outcomes.” (Richard L. Scott, 2018, para. 6) To contribute to the advancement of Florida, Governor Scott suspended sales tax on manufacturing equipment. Therefore, it saved companies more than $140 million every year.
With this permanent elimination, it will protect Florida’s citizens from any economic trouble. (Tracking the Promises of Gov. Rick Scott, 2018, Eliminate the State’s Manufacturing Tax, para, 1)Phase 6: Oranges aren’t the reason why Florida became so widely known. In fact, “grapefruit production in Florida is the largest in the world, and only Brazil produces more oranges than the Sunshine State”.