The Egyptians during those times. The base of the

The Ancient Egyptians had a fixation with personal
hygiene and believed that having body hair was unhygienic. All men, woman and
children shaved their heads bald. This was also considered necessary due to
Egypt’s climate. They wore detailed wigs which were made out of natural human
hair that was then fixed onto a net and these wigs were designed specially to
keep their heads cool. Although a shaved head was a sign of nobility, the
majority of the Egyptians kept their heads covered. Both men and woman wore
prominent eye makeup and a bright distinct rouge. The rouge was used to stain
their lips and cheeks. In Ancient Egypt, eye makeup had a long history and both
men and women were using eye makeup from as early as 4000BC. They would use a
kohl black on their eyelids, eyelashes and eyebrows. They would also use
difference colours of greens and blues on their eyelids. The eye makeup was
made up from Kohl which was obtained from galena. Galena is a blue/grey mineral
that is formed of sulphide. Galena deposits were found in the Eastern Dessert.
The green colouring of the eye makeup was achieved by the use green
pigment called malachite. Malachite is a carbonate mineral. The
powders used to create the eye makeup were mixed with water to form a paste.
The rouge make-ups where sourced from a variety of pigments, Red ochre which
was made from naturally tinted clay- hydrated iron oxide. Beads on the ends of
their wigs were an accessory used by the Egyptians during those times. The base
of the Egyptian wig was a fibre-netting skullcap, with strands of human hair,
wool, flax palm fibres attached. They used a styling gel on both the long and
short hair. They tried to curl their hair with tongs and even plaited it to
lengthen the hair. The wigs that the Egyptians wore were made up of human hair
which often supplemented by plant fibre or from the wool from a sheep. For 3000
years, all the clothes worn by Egyptians were linen made flax gowns. The fabric
suited the hot climate because it was cooling. Clothes were very simple in
shape with minimal cutting of cloth. Men wore schenti cloth wrapped around the
hips which hung with folds in the front. Woman wore a kalasiris, a sheath like
dress, often with detachable sleeves. The silhouette was influenced by two key
factors: the fineness and the finish of the linen and by wearing decorative
collars and belts. These accessories were rich in colour and texture. Many
Egyptians would go barefoot and some would would wear leather sandals on their
feet and coordinating anklets. The most popular material used was linen. This
was easily sourced and could be altered in many ways. Footwear was made from
vegetable materials also papyrus was also occasionally used. Egyptians used as
much of the natural resources from their area as they could. Early on they
discovered the strength of flax plant for making linen cloth. Cotton was also
used and was imported from India. Footwear was sourced from the surrounding
areas and the materials came from things like palm leaf, flax plant and grass.
Egyptions and their trade partners sailed the Nile River to trade their goods
with Africa, Afghanistan, Punt and Nubia. They traded gold, papyrus, linen and
grain and received ivory, copper, iron, oils and ebony. The Egyptian Queen
Nefertiti, whose name translates “a beautiful woman has come”, is famed for her
political influence and great beauty. Nefertiti’s clothing trademarks include
distinctive tall, straight-sided and dark topped crown worn exclusively by her.
More than 3,500 years have passed and Queen Nefertiti and ancient Egypt
continues to inspire today’s designers. “Egyptomania” gripped fashion design of
the Art Deco era, from scarab jewellery to flowing, draped dresses, exotic
embroidery, pyramid and lotus-flower motifs, There was even a mummy wrap dress
in the 1920s, an idea interpreted afresh in the skin tight bandage dresses of
the 2000s. Jewellery was worn head to toe by wealthy men and woman. Even their
pets wore colourful pieces. They featured pieces from the natural world including
green palm leaves, white lotus flowers and yellow mandrake fruits. The
semi-precious stones included green and red jasper, amethyst, turquoise and
quartz. Glass and glazed composite were used to imitate the precious stones.
Upper-class men and women considered wigs as an essential part of their
wardrobe. The quality of linen this would show how rich the person was. Wearing
a wig signalled a person’s rank in society, this was to also differentiate the
rich from the poor.