The current discussion on urban sustainability in India is ‘smart city’.
Smart City’s promise enables us to use energy efficiently in cities, makes public transport more efficient and attractive, and enables planners and decision makers to provide data to allocate more resources to the public. (Townsend, 2014). The Smart City is defined as a digital city which uses information and communication technologies (ICT) and uses the other means of quality, quality of urban operations
to ensure the economic, social and environmental aspects of the current and future generations and to other services of the services and competition. The idea of ??the smart city for debate on urban development and sustainability is increasingly central, and now many cities are pursuing ‘smartness’ as a way of improving energy efficiency, transport, and public services. Government of India has decided to develop ‘100 smart cities’, such as modernization of the satellite cities of big cities and existing mid-size cities. This program will use a mix of public-private partnerships and public-funded infrastructure in the ratio of 80:20.
The year 2015 contained significant political
agreements for the future of sustainable development. United Nations’ (UN)
member states adopted the 2030 Agenda, during the 70th session of the UN
General Assembly (United Nations, 2015).
It includes 17 ambitious targets and 169
concrete goals, which have been officially referred to as sustainable
development goals (SDGs). It has been estimated by the United Nations
that by 2050 66% of the world’s population will live in cities (United Nations
This means significant challenges related to
environmental and social sustainability (OECD 2012). In addition, the
form of contemporary cities has been viewed as a source of environmental and
The city consumes 70% of the world’s resources and therefore due to the density of the urban population and the intensity of related economic and social activities, major consumers of energy resources and greenhouse gas (GHG) are important contributors in emissions. Inability to create a built environment, the way to move forward in order to better cope with the changing of the cities and the restructuring, adopting a long-term approach, which focuses on stability (see Balakalee and Betsill 2005).
As well as pulling beyond the capabilities and designs of urban systems, these cities can have adverse effects urban growth (e.g. Antrop 2004).
Contemporary cities, processing in urban systems that operate and organize urban life as a built-in form, infrastructure, ecosystem services, human services and administration—are Under increasing pressure due to the huge challenge of sustainability.
existing built environment is already associated with numerous environmental,
social, and economic impacts, including the unsustainable energy use and
concomitant GHG emissions, increased air and water pollution, environmental
degradation, land use haphazard, inappropriate urban design and related
deprivation and community disruption, ineffective mobility and accessibility,
increased transport needs and traffic congestion, public safety and health
Cities are aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
United Nations approved the SDGs in September 2015 at the UN Summit and which
is replaced by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs led to
unprecedented progress in certain areas but fell short of transforming
societies, as they were focussed solely on poverty alleviation in the
developing world. There are currently 17 goals with 169 indicators that will
define the global sustainable development agenda post-2015. The SDGs will be
globally relevant and present a holistic approach to progress by embracing
economic, social and environmental dimensions. As governments gear up to sign
the SDGs, key roles will be carved out for multiple stakeholders, including
society and businesses. The pillars of a Smart Sustainable City are also
directly or indirectly aligned with the objectives of the SDGs. The closer the
integration of sustainability into India’s ‘100 Smart Cities’ initiative, the
greater will be the linkages with the SDGs.