THE SPIRIT OFSOCIOLOGY Introduction:The Spiritof Sociology is an idea that embraces many qualities used to examine adiscipline. A discipline, as defined in the dictionary is a subject that istaught a field of study. The first wisdom of sociology isthat things are not as they seem. – Peter Berger, invitation tosociology If thingsare not what they seem on the surface what are the things really like? Thisidea suggests that most of us live in a world that we don’t understand. Explanation:This is abook with a big idea, like sociology as science, symbolic interaction,functionalism, culture, civilization, power elite, social inequality and socialinstitute.
That inbrief is why it is by means of sociological imagination that men now hope tograsp what is going on in the world, and to understand what is happening inthemselves as minute points of the intersections of biography and historywithin society. Sociology as a science is a Physics, chemistry, biology, anthropologyand sociology all have more in common as sciences than might first appear.Sociology has it place in the science and is one that has its own domain andits own theories and methods. Social life for sociology has come to beunderstood at the macro and micro levels. In Social group to many sociology is socialgroup plays an immensely important part in social life. Culture is the fabricof our social lives.
This piece shows us that the social reality of our livesmay be based less on the way things really are and more artifact of media hype.By HoraceMiner: Anthropologists are able to lookobjectively into the different cultures.Socialinequality: one of sociology enduringdebates is about conservation of functional analysis; Gams shows how it can beused to make some radical points about the economically oppressed.By G.William Dom Hoff: Althoughvery few of us live in the upper class, Dom Hoff takes a structural look at theinstitutions which support the persistence of this group, social clubs,universities, parties and marriages are all ways the upper class maintains itsmembership and lifestyle. Emile Durkheim a great French sociologists whopublished several provocative books between 1890 and 1915, is often regarded asthe classic founder of functionalism. Functionalism is a macro perspective thatexamines the creation maintenance, and alteration of durable social practices,institutions, and entire societies. Functionalism assumes, the first thatsocieties can be linked to problem solving entities.
Politics and Economy inwhich Qualitative research is used to understand the process whereby dis-placedworkers adjust unemployment. A personal set of work experience takes Brawnythrough U.S and Eastern European factory life.
This sociology is able toconnect his biography to some very important observation about politicaleconomySOCIALSTRUCTURE AND SOCIAL INTERACTION BY EMILE DURKHEIM:An eminentFrench sociologist defines and illustrates social facts. Durkheim recognizedthat understanding society would require that we study it at the macro sociallevel and develop concepts that would account for the influence structures andpatterns have on individuals.