The White Army or the White Movement occurred during the Russian Civil War. It started when General Lavr Kornilov organized a Volunteer Army, and after a few months other anti-Bolshevik groups joined in. Eventually they began to be called the Whites. They battled against the Red Army for control of Russia, and wanted an absolute monarchy because of Ivan III ruling. Anton Denikin, who supported Kornilov’s movement, was imprisoned by the Bolsheviks but later escaped and joined his Volunteer Army in 1917. Denikin took the position of commander of the forces fighting the Red Army after Kornilov died.The Whites had no main leader nor a clear ideology to follow, because they shared different political opinions, but for most of the part what united them was their anti-Bolshevik ideals.
There were also some monarchists, and they also had people like republicans, liberals, democrats that were part of this army, and called themselves conservatives.Mensheviks and socialists joined the resistance too because of their opposing to the new regime in Russia. Landowners, factory owners and members of the orthodox church became a part of the movement as well.
Many white leaders started to use same brutal methods and terror the same as the Bolsheviks, so there was no much difference between White and Red armies, therefore Russians didn’t support either.The White movement was successful at first in Ukraine, but later on lost control to the Bolsheviks, and by 1918 the Whites didn’t own major areas in Russia. Even though the Red Army were majority in soldiers, the White Army was superior on the battlefield. As the Reds continued to expand and grow, the Whites were starting to be less and finally, in 1920 the White Army was defeated and the rest of the members that were left exited Russia.
During the period of time of the White Movement’s process (1917-1923), various documents regarding human rights had already been created, even though some of them excluded people depending of their gender, race, ethnicity, different social status, etc. This movement didn’t really contribute to the development of human rights, but in 1914 there were non-Bolshevik parties and people that demanded the protection of their rights. By 1917, Vladimir Lenin declared Russia the most free country in Europe.