Stanza:MeaningStanza 1:The narrator is is tired while he reads folklore and when he is about to doze off suddenly he hears a tapping on his chamber door. He tries to rationalize the tapping and says it isn’t much just a visitor.Stanza 2:The narrator remembers the fire of his chamber casting shadows on the floor in a gloomy December. He wishes for tomorrow to come and tries masking his grief for his deceased loved on Lenore by reading books.Stanza 3:The narrator plays down the fear caused by the wind blowing on the curtains and says the commotion is only a visitor at the door. Stanza 4:The narrator gains the courage to speak. He explains to the visitor that he was napping and was awoken by the faint knocking at his door. He opens the door and is greeted by nothing but darkness.Stanza 5:The narrator suddenly dreams about Lenore and whispers Lenore. Lenore is echoed back to the narrator. It can be inferenced that the narrator is heartbroken and longs for his lost wife. Stanza 6:The narrator returns to his room feeling haken. Deciding that the source of the noise must be coming from his window, he tells himself to calm down and blames the wind as the source of the noise. He decides to check and confirm the mystery himself.Stanza 7:The raven flies in as the narrator opens the shutters and perches itself on top of a statue of pallas Athena. This is symbolic as Athena is the greek goddess of wisdom. Stanza 8:The narrator’s expression turns into a smile, due to its serious manner. He describes the short brow of the raven although says he is not afraid. He asks the raven what his name is called in the dark underworld, and it replies with “Nevermore.”Directions: With a partner, paraphrase what Edgar Allan Poe is stating in each stanza:Stanza:Meaning:Stanza 9:The narrator marvels at the strange bird upon his chamber door. He doesn’t know what to make of this bird and is bewildered. Stanza 10:The raven sits alone on the statue, not moving a feather, only repeating “nevermore.” The narrator mentions how other friends have left him before, and the raven will likely depart as his hopes did before. The raven replies “nevermore.”Stanza 11:The narrator realizes that the raven who keeps repeating “nevermore” isn’t really responding to him ,but perhaps that is the only word the bird knows. He comes up with a story that maybe the birds master died and escaped from him. Stanza 12:The narrator grabs a cushioned chair, sits in front of the raven, and begins pondering what this ancient, grim, frightening bird means when he says “nevermore.”Stanza 13:The narrator analyzes and stares at the bird whose eyes appear to be on fire. He thinks about how he will “nevermore” see his wife Lenore.Stanza 14:The air seems to grow thicker with invisible incense, as if sent by the highest of angels, Seraphim. The narrator cries to the cruel raven that his god has sent him, and he should drink a potion of forgetfulness and forget Lenore. The raven replies “nevermore.”Stanza 15:The narrator asks the raven if he is the devil (evil) or bird (good)/ why he is here. Also, maybe the bird could help him forget his sorrows ,but the raven only responds “nevermore”.Stanza 16:The narrator calls the bird a prophet and a thing of evil, whether he be a bird or a devil. He begs on Heaven and the Lord that the raven tell him if a maiden’s soul named Lenore dwells in Eden. The raven replies “nevermore.”Stanza 17:The narrator insist that the raven leaves and stops mocking him as he was to be alone/ in peace. At this point it can be inferred the author is going crazy in the brain and is very frustrated with the raven. Stanza 18:The raven does not move and still sits upon the narrator’s statue of Pallas above the chamber door. His eyes seem like a demon’s and the lamplight above him casts his shadow on the floor. The narrator claims his soul will be trapped under that shadow for the rest of his life.