Spencer Pham1/20/2018Eng. 4 IB—Garner The Great Gatsby Study Guide, Ch. 1-3 Annotate as you read the novel. Then, stop at the endof each chapter and answer the assigned questions. CHAPTER 11. Explainwhat Fitzgerald achieved by using Nick’s point of view to tell Gatsby’s story?a. Byusing Nick’s point of view to tell Gatsby’s story the reader is presented withan outside perspective from Gatsby while also presenting a different view pointthat claims to be nonjudgmental thus increasing the reliability of thenarrator.
2. Whatdo we learn about Nick Carraway in the introductory section of the novel?a. Inthe introductory section of the novel you learn that Nick Carraway is anindividual who has been prone to being told the secrecies of men as they endow acertain trust in him and he’s nonjudgmental.3. Indiscussing East Egg and West Egg, Nick states: “To the wingless a morearresting phenomenon is their dissimilarity in every particular except shapeand size.” Indicate what the “dissimilarities” might be.
a. Thedissimilarities are the differences in their social status, the west eggconsists of new money, self-made people, elaborate and lavish houses while theeast egg consists of people who were born into the money and are have highersocial statuses.4. Comparethe homes of Nick, Gatsby, and the Buchanans.
How does each home reflect thepersonality of its owner?a. Gatsby’shouse is gaudy, extravagant, and flashy but considerably empty on the insidesimilar to Gatsby’s character.b. Nick’shouse is modest which clearly presents his personality.c. Buchanan’shouse is very large and architecturally old similar to how Buchanan has growninto his family wealth and his perspective on race is old fashioned. 5. Fitzgerald’sdescription of Tom, Daisy, and Jordan creates not only an impression ofphysical appearance, but also contains added information.
What do you learnabout their history and interests, and from their gestures and mannerisms?a. Tomis controlling, aggressive, and is not the most exciting person to spend timewith.b. Daisyattempts to be ignorant and dwells on her material possessions.c.
Jordanis easygoing and light hearted.6. WhenNick leaves the Buchanan’s house, he is “confused and a little disgusted.” Why?What does this suggest about his values?a. Nickis disgusted from the insincerity of Daisy and Tom’s marriage and it suggeststhat he is a man who highly values honor and trust.
7. Thoughwe do not meet Gatsby until Chapter 3, we hear references to him in theconversations of others. Note each reference. What impressions do you get?a. Theimpression that Gatsby is a magnificent, yet mysterious type of man.CHAPTER 21. Inwhat way is the description in the opening paragraphs of Chapter 2 appropriateto the total atmosphere of this chapter? What is symbolic about the “valley ofashes” and “the eyes of Dr.
T. J. Eckleburg”?a. Itis appropriate as it aligns with the gloomy, grey mood of the chapter.b. TheValley of Ashes represents the products of intense industrializationc. Theeyes of Dr.
T. J. Eckleburg represent the eyes of God.2. EvaluateMyrtle’s talk of her unhappy marriage. What does she seem to be trying tojustify?a.
Myrtle’stalk presents an attraction to materialism and sensual relationships in orderto justify her affair with Tom.3. Howdoes Myrtle’s speech reveal her character?a. Itreveals that Myrtle wants to act as though she is the victim.4. Whatdoes the scene in this New York apartment reveal about Tom? About Myrtle?a.
ThatTom wants to have control over the affair and that Myrtle is stubborn.5. DoesNick enjoy the afternoon at the apartment in New York? Why or why not?a. Nickdoes not seem to enjoy the afternoon due to the incident between Tom and Myrtleand the clash of the others’ values and his own.CHAPTER 31. Chapter3 describes Gatsby’s “little party.” Enumerate details about the part itself,about the guests and about their conversation and behavior.a.
Hisparties are really large and people come from all over. The parties are specialgathering where he seems to go all out and spends lot of money. His guests arepicked up in fancy cars and the food is expensive.
The guests all talk aboutGatsby and what they think he’s done in the past.2. Describethe meeting between Nick and Gatsby. Comment on Fitzgerald’s skill in preparingfor Gatsby’s entrance into the story.
a. Itis a considerably awkward encounter as they fail to recognize each other.3.
Whatis the reason for Nick’s breaking the story at this point? Read the sectionbeginning with “Reading over what I have written so far . . . .”a. Hewants to show the readers that he has a mostly normal life and what he iswriting about isn’t normal for him. He is a regular person who has to go work.
He doesn’t spend all his time at parties.4. Atthe end of Chapter 3, Nick meets Jordan again. The author includes severalepisodes that emphasize her carelessness and basic dishonesty.
Discuss theseinstances. What do they reveal about Jordan? About Nick? a. Jordancheated in a golf tournament.
She also probably paid off the witnesses to takeback their story about seeing her cheat. She ruined someone’s car and then liedabout it/she does not care. While she was driving after drinking, she wasdriving recklessly on purpose. Jordan is irresponsible; she does not care aboutwhat people think. b. Theway Nick feels about the way Jordan acts is that her dishonesty is ok; heexpects women to be dishonest,5.
Noticethe last paragraph in Chapter 3. Is Nick being overly proud here? Explain.a. NoI do not think he is being proud. He is being realistic about himself, thereare virtues and everyone has one.CHAPTER 48. Theintroductory section of Chapter 4 gives a long roster of those who attended Gatsby’sparties.
How do they behave toward their host? Why, then, do they accept hishospitality?a. Theydon’t really know the host yet they accept his hospitality because his partiesare known to be significantly extravagant. They also gossip about Gatsby.9. DescribeGatsby’s car. Discuss the details that Gatsby shares with Nick about his past. a.
It’scream colored, bright with nickel, swollen here and there, long lots of windshieldsthat sparkled in the sun.10. DoesNick believe Gatsby’s story? Why or why not?a. Nickdoesn’t believe it at first however Gatsby shows him proof.
Also Nick knowsGatsby’s true upcoming.11. Whois Meyer Wolfsheim? What seems to be his connection with Gatsby?a.
Heis a gambler. Gatsby’s business connection, and jewish.12. JordanBaker tells Nick about Daisy, Gatsby, and Tom. Summarize the story.a.
DaisyLoved Gatsby, but after he left for the war she couldn’t go with him. She thenmarried tom a year later and freaked out right before the wedding because shegot a letter from Gatsby. Now Gatsby has returned and bought the house rightacross the bay.
13. Explainthe epigraph on the title page of the novel. What does it reveal about Gatsbyand his love for Daisy?a. Thepoem on the title page states that in order for a man to get a woman to lovehim, he should do whatever it takes to impress her, whether it is throughwealth or action, until she reciprocates his love. The epigraph isrepresentative of Gatsby’s attempt at trying to attract Daisy’s attentionthrough his extravagant shows of wealth. He holds glamorous parties at hismansion in hopes of seeing Daisy and rekindling their love.
14. Whatnew meaning do you see in the last two paragraphs of Chapter 1? What does Nickmean when he says, “Then it had not been merely the stars to which he hadaspired on that June night”?a. Nickmeans that Gatsby is waiting for daisy and trying to get her. The green light representsthe hope that he will get Daisy.
15. WhenGatsby spoke to Jordan in his library in Chapter 3, he had devised a planinvolving Nick. What was it? Why did he not ask Nick directly?a. ForNick to invite Daisy over for tea and then Gatsby will surprise herb. Hedid not ask Nick directly because he was nervous.
CHAPTER 56. Gatsby’sactions in preparing for Daisy’s arrival seem both flamboyant and absurd. Whatdoes he do? why?a.
Gatsbydecides to bring really nice China, cuts Nicks lawn (redoes it) , and brings aton of flowers that make Nick’s cottage like a greenhouse.7. DiscussGatsby’s actions once Daisy arrives. How do we know he is nervous? How does hetry to impress her?a.
Gatsbyis acting really funny and nervous because he loves Daisy and hasn’t seen herin a while. He knocks over the clock, and runs out of the house.8. Towardthe end of the chapter, Nick attempts to explain “the expression ofbewilderment that had come back into Gatsby’s face.
” What explanation does Nickgive? Why, in his opinion, is Daisy not at fault?a. Daisyis not at fault because she didn’t make a fool of herself like Gatsby did.9. DescribeDaisy’s reactions during the course of her meeting with Gatsby.a. Daisywas really shocked and surprised.
She was excited, but it was kind ofbittersweet. She’s upset because she could’ve had all the things Gatsby does.10. HasNick been affected by the meeting between Gatsby and Daisy? In what way?a. Hefeels that he’s done something wrong because he’s allowing for an affair totake place. CHAPTER 66.
Whatwas Gatsby’s real name? Why and when had he changed it?a. Gatsby’sreal first name was “Jimmy Gatz”, but later changed it to “JayGatsby”. He changed it because he wanted a new identity to reflect his newlifestyle. He thought the name “Jimmy Gatz was lower-class.7. Inwhat way was Dan Cody involved in Gatsby’s destiny?a. Gatsbyand Dan Cody met when Gatsby was 17 years old. When Gatsby saw Dan’s yacht dropanchor at a dangerous point in Lake Superior, Gatsby saw an opportunity toleave his old life behind.
8. Whydoes Tom attend Gatsby’s party? How does this scene reveal he contrast betweenGatsby and Tom?a. Tom’sattendance at Gatsby’s party is to try and ruin Gatsby. Since Tom is from EastEgg, he talks down on Gatsby’s party and has no connection with Gatsby.9. Whatis deeply ironic in Tom’s statement, “. .
. I may be old-fashioned I my ideas,but women run around too much these days to suit me”?a. Despitethe fact that (as far as Tom knows) Daisy’s “running around” has onlyamounted to knowing Gatsby, Tom himself is the champion of “runningaround,” having had affairs with various women, including Mrs. Wilsonearlier in the book.10. Whatsuspicions does Tom have about Gatsby? What does he vow to do?a. Tom’ssuspicions of Gatsby is thinking he’s some criminal or big bootlegger thatthrows lavish parties with “new money”. He vows to track downinformation on him.
11. Whatdo Nick and Gatsby talk about after the party? What is Gatsby expecting ofDaisy that prompts Nick to warn him, “I wouldn’t ask too much of her . . .You can’t repeat the past”?a. Afterthe party, Gatsby talks to Nick about Daisy. He tells Nick that he wants Daisyto leave Tom and marry him and go back to Louisville with himb. Gatsbywants Daisy to leave her life with Tom for him and repeat the past but withGatsby.
CHAPTER 716. Gatsbyhas made some changes I his lifestyle that so concerned Nick that he went tocheck o hi What changes do you note? Why did he make them?a. Theoriginal staff was fired and he rehired new people except for the Gardenerbecause he wanted to be discreet about Daisy visiting him. Gatsby wanted tokeep his affairs private from the outside world and keep Daisy’s “goodname” intact.17.
AnalyzeDaisy’s attitude toward her child as evidenced in this chapter and in Chapter1. Is she a good mother? Why did he make them?a. Impliedthat she stayed in her marriage for the better of her child, but acted like herchild was an accessory to her. The child was showed to represent an establishedfamily. Daisy has a child but not for “superficial purposes.” Gatsbyis in shock of the child’s existence and that she moved on with her life.18.
Whatdoes Gatsby mean when he says that Daisy’s voice is “full of money”? Why doesFitzgerald put those words I Gatsby’s mouth and not Nick’s?a. Moneyis the only thing Daisy knows of. To have her, you must have money. Two thingshe desires are money and Daisy.19.
ExplainNick’s statement paralleling Tom and Wilson, ” . . . it occurred to me thatthere was no difference between men, in intelligence or race, so profound asthe difference between the sick and the well.” Refer to the text and explainwhat prompted Nick to say this.a. Nicklives in the valley of ashes which is why he was prompted to saying this.
20. Inwhat way is each of the major characters involved in the tragedy that occurs atthe end of this chapter?a. Gatsbywas in the car that kills Myrtleb. Daisyis driving the car that hit Myrtlec.
Tomtells the police what type of car hit Myrtle21. Whyis it necessary for the author to introduce a new character, Michaelis, at thispoint in the novel?a. Michaelisis a young German that owns the coffee shop that say the death.22. Atthe end of Chapter 7 Nick observes Gatsby, Tom and Daisy after theaccident. What conclusions does hereach?a.
Hesees that Gatsby will always have hope for Daisy. He sees that Tom and Daisyare planning on not telling anyone that Daisy killed Myrtle.23. Explainthe last paragraph of Chapter 7.
a. Gatsbywaits for Daisy to come back to him and leave Tom but it will never happen.Daisy and Tom are planning on blaming the death on Gatsby and Gatsby can’t doanything about it. CHAPTER 811. Atthe beginning of the chapter, the story is interrupted at its most dramaticpoint. What is the author’s purpose in breaking the story here?a.
Theyreferred back to the story of Dan Cody and how daisy was the first nice girlthat Gatsby had ever known. It fills the open gaps on their relationship12. Whathad prompted Gatsby to talk freely to Nick now, when he was unwilling to do soin the past?a. Tomhas broken him down with his mean accusations. The idea of who he was trying tobecome had been shattered and now we see who he really is on the inside. Gatsbyis no longer to hide anymore because he realizes Daisy is slipping away fromhim.13. Whatfurther information do we learn about Gatsby?a.
Gatsbyloved Daisy for “superficial reasons” learned that Daisy dealt withGatsby leaving for war and her moving on. Gatsby tried to get her back but wentto Oxford instead. After Gatsby learns about the marriage of Daisy, he returnsto Louisville to try and find her. Gatsby took what he could get and he didn’tplan on falling in love but managed to commit a holy grail.14. AsNick leaves Gatsby the morning after the accident, he remarks, “They’re arotten crowd.” Enumerate the people “they” refers to.
Why are they “rotten”?a. Tom,Daisy, and Jordanb. Theyare rotten because they are so full of themselves due to the fact that they arethe elite class, and have no concerns for others but themselves and theirsocial group that they belong and their needs of staying the highest insociety.15. Whatis the compliment that Nick pays to Gatsby? Why does Nick feel compelled tocommend Gatsby?a.
“You’reworth a whole damn bunch” Gatsby gives him a radiant and understandingsmile. (154)b. Nickfeels the urge to tell him this because Gatsby held on to his dream of gettingDaisy back and watching his dream disappear right in front of him, thereforeshe was his external hope for everything and he could do better than her andfind someone better.
16. ExplainNick’s meaning when he balances Gatsby’s supposed “corruption” against his”incorruptible dream”a. Gatsbyreceived money through illegal means but his dream of Daisy was incorruptibleand couldn’t be damaged17. Howdoes Wilson view the “eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg”? Does Wilson’s statementhave a symbolic level for the novel as a whole? Explain.a. Wilsonis confused and deranged and views the “eyes of Eckleberg” as the eyesof God that sees everything18.
Tracethe movements of Gatsby ad Wilson at the end of Chapter 8. What is Nick’smeaning when he says, ” . . . the holocaust was complete”?a. Theelite caused a massacre of all of those in the novel and if you didn’t havemoney and if you weren’t well known in society, you died.
CHAPTER 9 12. Whatmakes Nick assume responsibility for the funeral arrangements? Specify thethings he did.a. Nickassumed responsibility because no one else came forward to. Nick tries to getthe people he knows Gatsby interacted with to come to the funeral but no onedoes.13. Whatversion of the tragedy appeared in the newspapers? How would you account forthe fact that this version went unchallenged and uncorrected?a.
Theversion of the tragedy that is put in the newspaper is that Wilson was a”madman.” No one counters this version because no one knew Gatsby or Wilson tostand up for them. It would also be near impossible to challenge the “Elite”class in their “secret society.”14. Howhad Gatsby’s father learned of the tragedy? To what extent does the father knowhis son?a. Mr.
Gatz learns of his son tragedy through the newspaper. Mr. Gatz only knowsGatsby through what he has read and through the pictures Gatsby has sent him.
He does not know him on a personal level.15. Discussthe significance of Gatsby’s boyhood program for self-improvement.a. Healways wanted to be something better then who he was.
16. Whatis the irony of Gatsby’s funeral?a. Noone showed up.
They will show up to Gatsby’s parties but not to his funeral17. Whatis the significance of including the scene with Jordan Baker?a. Theyagree that whatever was between them is over. It shows that Nick can clean upafter himself.18. Whatmoral judgment does Nick make about Tom and Daisy? Explaina. Theyare all selfish, careless, messy people who retreated into the world.
19. Explainthe significance of the last page of the novel in relation to Gatsby’s dreamand to the American Dream.a.
Therelationship between the two is that each of us dream in the past and mostdream of wealth but somewhere along the line our dreams are morphed and thereis no longer self-discovery in it but a corruption of our original dream