Social media has become increasingly important in our lives for nearly 15 years.
Especially,in recent years,it has made huge differences in the area of communication and interaction.It is accepted that social media provide a dimension for fast transfer of information.However,many social network sites like Facebook,Instagram,linkedn,Snapchat,twitter ext.
give an impression on people that others have a better life that ? have and live.According to social comparison theory which is firstly proposed by social psychologist Leon Festinger in 1954,this kind of social comparisons are harmful to perceptions about self.We should examine what is self,how we define,evaluate it and the relation between social media and our self-perception.The way we communicate has changed dramatically over time.social media sites are one of the most used communication tools in today’s world.it means that we have much more access to information about what others are doing.Because of communication through social media encompasses a very large community, the number of factors that affect us through social media are increasing.
one of the harmful effects of social media is the idea that ‘they have a better life them ? have’ ,’they got more likes and have more friends than ? have.’,Of course these kind of things can extend more.Such thoughts may cause some damage of one’s self-perception.To understand the reason why people think like this, we should focus on social comparison theory.According to social comparison theory people tend to describe theirself based on what others think.Advence of social comparison theory was developments in understanding the motivations that are reasons for social comparisons.
Generally we all have status that we want to reach or an ideal self we want to be like.(sonras? çi?demden al?n?t)the situation and evaluations that one wants to see himself are the motivations about self.)))Self-enhancement motivation?ndividuals who has self enhancement motivations may distort or ignore social comparison information due to their need to see themselves positively.?t is also possible for these individuals to chose targets upward(who are better than them) or downward (who are worse than they are) to serve their self enhancement.especially, they may avoid social comparisons in the upward direction if they believe that their ability on a particular field is at a low level. Unlike those who have the self enhancement motivation, it is possible for people with self evaluation motivation to choose other similar ones as their goal of comparison..
self evaluationAccording to Thorton and Arrowood, individuals’ motivations for social comparisons may be different. One of the motivations is self-evaluation motivation.Those who have this motivation will choose others that are similar to themselves as the target of comparison.But the aims of social comparisons are not always about making self-evaluation correctly.Because sometimes people may also tend to evaluate themselves in a biased form.self improvementUpward and downward social comparisonsAlso to understand the reason why people feel bad from social comparison through social media sites we can focus on Upward and downward social comparisons.Wills developed the upward and downward theory in 1981.
According to wills, When people want to see themselves positively or feel good about their personal situation,they will prefer downward comparison targets in worse case than themselves. There are findings of studies in which social comparisons in the upward direction reduce the self value of persons and comparisons in the downward direction increase self value.we live in a world that has social media and a wide range of communication and information sharing.(http://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-39973087) ard?ndan geliyor.
In a study conducted among young people in England, it was stated that Instagram is the most harmful social media platform for mental health.A survey of 1,479 young people aged 14-24 examined the most popular of the five popular social media platforms.Participants in the survey were asked questions about anxiety, depression, loneliness, fear and external appearance to measure the effects of social media platforms.On the internet survey, 14 health and good life questions were directed to YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook and Twitter.The results show that YouTube is showing the most beneficial effect.Twitter and Facebook positive after YouTubeSnapchat and Instagram are the lowest rated platforms.
Especially for fashion brands, celebrity and other advertising purposes using digitally changed photos makes wrong perceptions on users. Instagram, which has a strong desire for “liking” as a result of photo sharing, directly affects young people’s self-esteem. Although it is a simple platform for photo and video sharing according to other platforms, it is quite dangerous.Instagram, which has a strong desire for “liking” as a result of photo sharing, directly affects young people’s self-esteem. Although it is a simple platform for photo and video sharing according to other platforms, it is quite dangerous.Vogel, Roberts, and Eck- les (2014) revealed that viewing social media pro les with positive content was associated with poorer state self-esteem.Individual differences are another affect of social media interactions.People who are using Facebook tends to have less self esteem.