Segregation blacks, but never for both. “All marriages between

Segregation was extremely difficult to endure to those who were
colored in the late 1900’s. Segregation was defined as a legal or social
practice of separating people by race, class, or ethnic group by custom or by
law. It was usually the result of a long period of conflict between groups,
with one group having more power and affect over the other group. After the
abolishment of slavery, African Americans were still treated poorly. Basically,
the white people thought that they should be separate from the black people
because their skin was a different color than theirs. A common type of
segregation that continues to influence the world in every day means is racial
segregation. There are two major types of segregation; de jure segregation and
de facto segregation. De jure segregation is when policies of segregation are
enforced by law. On the other hand, de facto segregation is when policies of
segregation are not enforced by law but is customary to the society and refers
to widespread individual preferences. The separation of races led to many
changes in the United States, like the Civil Rights movement, however, before
that, harsh actions of violence occurred.


After the civil war in America, de jure segregation became widely
used. It mostly associated with the South, where the blacks faced a system of
laws and customs that enforced racial segregation and discrimination. These
laws were called Jim Crow Laws. It prohibited any kind of unity between whites
and African Americans. Moreover, appliances like water fountains were
segregated under the term “separate but equal”. As long as any public facility
provided equal services to each race, the races could be physically segregated.
Every public space including hotels, waiting rooms, restrooms, stores,
elevators, schools, churches, and hospitals were either for whites or blacks,
but never for both. “All marriages between a white person and a negro, or
between a white person and a person of negro descent to the third generation
inclusive, are forever prohibited.” (Florida). Therefore if anyone violated the
law, they would be sent to prison since it was a crime. Eventually, after the
African Americans continually faced challenges to segregation, the Supreme
Court became convinced that separate facilities could not possibly be equal.
Therefore the significance of de jure segregation declined which discriminated
the basis of race. Meanwhile, the significance of de facto segregation rose.

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Even though de jure segregation ended in 1964 with the Civil Rights
Act, the whites still continued to separate themselves from the African
Americans with de facto segregation. The Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was a group of
individuals, founded in 1865 to 1866, who was committed to tormenting African
Americans to protect the rights of and increase the interests of white
Americans by violence and intimidation. They murdered many black landowners,
politicians, and community leaders. They even murdered some whites to prevent
them from voting and supporting racial equalities. Another example of de facto
segregation could be seen as the “White Flight”. It was the migration of white
Americans after the integration of the schools. The whites enrolled their children
in private schools. Despite the fact that this was not a legal issue, white
Americans in the South were willing to remain separate.


The blacks faced threats of violence since they attempted to
question the established laws, which created a huge challenge for blacks to
fight for their rights. They fought at the ballot boxes, in courtrooms, and
through organizations. In 1905, one of the Black activists called William
Edward Burghardt Dubois became the first African American to receive a doctoral
degree from Harvard University. He met with other Black activists in Niagara
Falls, Canada to plan strategies in finding racial equality. They were called
the Niagara Movement by 1909, which later on led to finding the National
Association of the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). This began to
challenge segregation in court. Eventually, these challenges became more and
more successful during and after World War II.


In Conclusion, segregation led to many unpleasant actions of
violence and racial inequality, which was either de jure segregation or de
facto segregation. The blacks faced the Jim Crow Laws which stopped unity
between the whites and blacks. Furthermore many blacks were murdered by an
organized group called KKK, to protect the rights of the whites. Many whites
were determined to remain separate. W.E.B Dubois planned strategies to find
racial equality, further leading to the NAACP. The Civil Rights movement
challenged both types of segregation, resulting in fundamental changes in the
social realities for both whites and blacks; however lasting traces of
discrimination remain.