SalmonellosisThis health department to determine the epidemiology of the

SalmonellosisThis is an infection by a bacterium of the salmonella type that in most cases affect the human intestinal tract. The bacterium is found in humans and other animals and in most cases, it is shed through feces.  Infection is mostly through consumption of contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. More so, it can be as a result of consuming raw or even uncooked meat, poultry, and the egg products. Individuals with this infection tend to lack any specific symptoms but some people who suffer from diarrhea. The bacteria have an incubation period of several hours to two days. Fever and abdominal cramps can also be developed by an infected individual between eight to seventy-two hours. The risk of suffering from this infection increases when one travels to a place with poor sanitation. Some of the possible signs include nausea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, diarrhea, chills, fever, blood in stools and headache. These signs tend to last between two to seven days with diarrhea being up to ten days.According to case count conducted on the October 5th of 2017, sixty people were confirmed to be infected by this bacterium. In August 2017, the cases were 43. In July 2017, there were 30 infection cases, and in June, there were nine cases (Center For disease control and prevention, 2017).  This is an indication that in Florida alone, the infection rate is on the upward trend since June 2017. The outbreak of salmonellosis across the United States would cost the country billions of dollars. This is the same situation that Florida community is in. There is the financial implication of this infection on the community as a whole.  Further, the infection results to lose in productivity and economic situation in families. Once an outbreak of this illness is suspected, a sequential case-control study is conducted by the Florida health department to determine the epidemiology of the illness.The healthy people 2020 initiative has its objectives for establishing control over Salmonellosis under food safety initiative. The aim of this initiative is to reduce infection rates resulting from pathogens that are transmitted through food (Healthy people 2020, 2014). The also aims at reducing the number of bacterial infections that are associated with food. The initiative also aims at reducing the proportion of nontyphoidal salmonella which isolates from resistance in humans to antimicrobial drugs. They also aim at increasing the number of consumers who adhere to the food safety practices from the farm to the table. The initiative intends to archive this through conducting public education on food safety from farm to the table. The initiative further has informational resources on their website for free; these resources contain all the relevant information concerning food safety and environmental hygiene. Some of the links on their website lead to credible external sources with clear and extensive information on food safety and hygiene.ShigellosisThis is a bacterial infection caused by Shigella bacteria. It also affects the intestines. This family of bacteria normally cause diarrhea in humans. People who have been infected by this bacterium can possibly shed them in the feces. In an environment with poor hygiene, foods and water can be contaminated, so the consumption results to further infection by the illness. It can also be transmitted directly to another person. Just by getting a small bit of the bacteria, the individual will already be infected Regions with high population can easily suffer from an outbreak of this illness. This is due to the fact that it can be caused by being in contact with an infected person. Some of the main symptoms of the illness include sudden abdominal cramps, diarrhea that may be blood in nature, nausea, fever, and vomiting. The illness can last between two and seven days.Florida health department has surveillance that is aimed at identifying this disease and controlling its outbreak. The Florida health department focuses on mitigating common sources of the illness. In Florida, the outbreak frequently involves day care centers, which on average the outbreak occurs every 3-5 years. This infection is highest among children between the age of one and nine years.  The infection cases increased in 2014 similar to the case in 2011, but it decreased in 2015 (Florida Health, 2017). A study report about Shigellosis cases in Florida in 2015 indicates that it was highest in May 2015 after which it had a downward trend, and the cases were less than 100 in December 2015. 239 cases of the illness were in daycare in 2015 attendees. This indicated that daycare plays a significant role in the transmission of this illness in Florida community.Under the healthy people 202 initiative, this illness has been classified under food and safety. Like the other food bore illnesses, the initiative has put place the objectives that will help reduce the cases of food-related illnesses (Healthy people 2020, 2014). The initiative provides general information to the public through their public website concerning social behavior and behavioral determinants of the safety of food. This is an aspect key to establishing control of the Shigellosis illness. The fact that it can be directly transmitted bring in the social aspect that healthy people initiative 2020 deals with. According to the initiative, foodborne illnesses are preventable diseases, and their aim is to help reduce the cases of this illness. They plan to achieve this objective through public education on food safety and health.ChlamydiaThis is an illness caused by infection by the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria (MedlinePlus, 2017). It is sexually transmitted and can affect both men and women. In women, the bacteria can infect the cervix, throat or the rectum.  In men, it can infect the urethra, throat or the rectum. It can be contracted during oral, anal or vaginal sexual activity with an infected person. It is possible for a woman to pass this infection to the baby during birth in a case where the woman is infected. Reinfection is very possible for individuals who had been treated for the illness in case they engage in sexual intercourse with an infected person. The illness is common in people who do not use a condom consistently or those who have multiple partners (MedlinePlus, 2017). This is the reason why it is common for the young people. There is the possibility of an infected individual not showing any sign of the illness. Such people, however, can still pass the illness to others. The symptoms in cases where they can present themselves can appear several weeks after having sex. In females, some of its symptoms include abdominal virginal discharge with a strong smell, burning sensation during urination and pain during intercourse. It is possible to experience lower abdominal pain during sex, fever or even nausea. In men, discharge from the penis may be an indication. It can also show the following symptoms, burning sensation during urination, burning or itching around the opening of the penis, swollen testicle which is accompanied by pain.Chlamydia still falls among the most commonly reported sexually transmitted diseases in Florida (Florida Health, 2017). The incidences of this illness are highest among youths between the ages of 15 and 24. It is mainly identified through screening. The healthy people 2020 initiative classifies this illness under sexually transmitted diseases. The objective of the initiative concerning this illness is encompassed in their general aim. That is, to reduce the number of young adults and the adolescents with chlamydia trachomatis. One of the measures of achieving the objective is through reducing of the illness cases among women aged between 15 and 24 attending family planning (Healthy people 2020, 2014). This involves organizing education and counseling programs for them. The initiative also aims at reducing the number of cases of chlamydia illness among women population between ages of 15 and 24 enrolled in the national job training program. Then the initiative also aims at reducing the cases among the male population aged 24 who are enrolled in job training programs. The initiative also has informational material concerning this program, for free on their public website.?