Safe wide range of issues relating to workplace health,

Safe practice includes constant risk assessments and evaluatingpotential threats, planning tasks with careful consideration us important, youshould know the limits and act within your competence levels.  Duty of care: The duty which rests upon an individual ororganisation to ensure that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure the safetyof a child. If carers are negligent which means if the carers are careless orneglectful then they can be sacked, this could also bring the business (serviceprovider) a bad reputation and put of service users off using the service. Dutyof care refers to the legal obligation for all carers to prevent harm and carryout safeguarding.  Nurses and nursing staff manage risk, are vigilant about risk,and help to keep everyone safe in the places they receive health care. Nursesand nursing staff have up-to-date knowledge and skills, and use these withintelligence, insight and understanding in line with the needs of eachindividual in their care.

  The service provider wherever setting they are working in mustensure that they follow and put into practice safe workplace policies. Notpracticing safe work ethics may lead to accidents that can be painfulemotionally and physically and even in some cases lead to accidents that couldbe fatal. When accidents happen, they will have to be investigated by the CQCand the workplace this may be costly for both the service user and the serviceprovider and a loss of trust and confidence for the providers. All the serviceusers are individuals with unique needs and problems which relevant to themthis means person centred care needs to be happening to make sure all thedemands are met.Legislations are the act of making or enacting laws, the lawsare then enacted by a legislative body such as parliament.

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Legislation canoverride most other laws, including previous legislations or regulations passedby authorities because of this it is considered a higher form of law.Health and safety: The main purpose of the Act is to protect workers from healthand safety hazards on the job. The Act deals with a wide range of issuesrelating to workplace health, safety and welfare across different sectors. Itoutlines all the commitments for workplace groups and rights for workers. Underhealth and safety law, employers have to undertake a risk assessment, they mustwork out what the hazards are in the workplace, discern the level of risk theyaffect the health and safety of service users or providers and work out ways todiminish the risk of harm.

The service providers should have up to datetraining materials, assistance, and programs in safe work practices. Health andsafety legislations are important in health and social care setting because ithelps service providers achieve the highest duty of care and understand theprocedures to do if risks were spotted and how to spot potential risks. Healthand safety is important for both the service user and the service provider tocreate a safe environment for them to treat and be treated in.In the Zebra ward and Merryvale residence the health careprofessionals are from different backgrounds to ensure the holistic needs aremet, multidisciplinary working, the providers need to tell the other workersabout any risks that have happened and what precautions to take when dealingwith the potential risk.

In Merryvale there are a lot of vulnerable people withvarious special requirements, there is a high risk for all of the residence asthey mostly have reduced mobility and because they are vulnerable andsusceptible to bruising easily the professionals have to take care in helpingthem. They have a duty of are to help them and to reduce the risk in theenvironment to make it easier for the users and the providers to workeffectively and efficiently. Health and safety makes sure that in Merryvale theresidence is safe and that risk assessments regarding the residence are up todate and that the legislate body agrees with the outcome. Health and safetycould also regard abuse and the duty of care and code of conduct are two of themost important procedures that health care professionals should follow toensure health and safety legislations are implicated. In Zebra ward which is apaediatric medical ward at prince Oswald’s children hospital provides care forchildren from the age of six months to two years with various medical conditions.

When dealing with children it is important to assess the environment to makesure there aren’t any hazards or potential risks to keep the service user safe.The assessment of the hospital should be reinforced by the health careprofessionals and they should be able to spot risks that could harm the serviceusers and make sure they follow the simple steps to rectify it. In regards tothe Zebra ward, the duty of care is to have their rights protected and to keepthem from harm. The provider also has the duty of care to spot abuse issues,they also need to put the health and welfare of the service user first and evenin an emergency their general health comes first. Health and safety needs to implicatein both setting to ensure a safe and secure and to make sure the environment isthe best to maintain the highest quality of care. The service providers shouldbe reviewing legislation, recommending policies, and monitoring safety policiesand programs.Fire safety:Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 is the fire safetyregulations all settings must abide by.

In the United Kingdom firesafety was covered by about seventy pieces of firesafety legislation, the most important legislations are the Fire PrecautionsAct 1961 and the Fire Precautions Regulations1997/1999.it is important tohave this legislation as if they don’t it will cause panic within thehealthcare settings and may result in injuries because of the fire.In the Merryvale Residence, the residences are exposed to risksof fire if there isn’t a legislation involved in the setting.

As most of theresidence have mobility issues they will have to educated in the correct waythey should move and where the fire assembly point is, or if the staff need toaid them they will be instructed to keep calm when in the risk of fire. Inregards to the zebra ward, there is a lot of people in the hospital first ofall and the zebra is only one section so in an event of a fire there needs tobe various assembly points that the patients can get to easily and in anorderly manner. There should be enough staff to help the bed-bound patientsmove out fast and enough staff to keep everyone calm. In both settings if thefire legislations weren’t there fires would be easily started and there wouldbe havoc and the unorganised setting could result in problems for all partiesincluding the fire-fighters, staff, the visitors and the patients themselves.This would help safe practice because the legislations are up to date and arein place, there will be quicker responses to imminent threats and there wouldbe less fires happening as there would be preventative strategies and rules allmust obey by.

Food safety:The Food Safety Act is the preparation and the correct storageof food. The CQC requires that care services ensure that the food and drinkthey provide is handled, stored, prepared and delivered in a way that meets therequirements of the Act. In this safety act there are a number of routines thatshould be followed to avoid potential health hazards. The service providersshould have up to date training materials, assistance, and programs in safework practices.

There are legible authorities like The Food Standards Agency(FSA) that come to the health and social care settings to ensure that the foodyou serve or sell is of the quality which they would expect. They willintervene where the health care settings fail to meet the requirements and inemergency situations. In Merryvale residence and any other setting the food needs tobe of high standard to keep the service users happy. The food must be storedcorrectly and managed so no cross-contamination happens, this reduces theillnesses that could happen and make sure that people with allergies havereduced contact with an allergic reaction because of this. They have the dutyof care to provide the highest standards of care for the service users.

Thehygiene of the residence needs to be kept clean to provide a safe and secureenvironment. If the requirements are not met the setting will not beproviding the highest quality of care and would be putting the service users indanger. In Zebra Ward the children already have illnesses and because of thisit is important to have high quality foods that pass the food safety act. Inboth Merryvale and Zebra Ward the service users have weak immune systems andbecause of this they are more prone to get infected by food diseases such assalmonella, Escherichia coli (E.coli), or a virus, such as the norovirus. This would make the users ill andthis means the duty of care of the professionals has failed and that safepractice is not happening.  To make surestandards are kept the providers have to keep up to date with new policies andprocedures and practice safe.

Manual handling:  Manual handling is a major issue forcare providers as people with limited mobility need to be assisted safely tomove and transfer. It is important manual handling is safely done and that thehealth worker respects the dignity of the individual. The health careprofessionals are required to make a balanced approach that reduces risks forboth them and the user while at the same time maintaining the dignity, privacyof those they are caring for. Theservice providers should have up to date training materials, assistance, andprograms in safe work practices.The problem of lifting for example anoverweight person may be hard for one or two people and this problem must besolved and not ignored as that would be a failure of duty of care. Failure tolift the service users could leave them stuck in a bath or suffering from achesand pains when left for a long period of time. In zebra ward and Merryvale residencethe service users may need to be handled and dealt with by moving them, it isimportant that their rights are not breached and that they are safe in thehands of the professional.

There are many situations where handling isappropriate an example of this would be when the elderly people at Merryvaleare stuck in the bathroom or when in the Zebra ward they are too weak to movethemselves. The service user has the right to ask which gender and whomaneuvers them and it the duty of care of the health care professionals to obeythat.RIDDOR-reportingof injuries, diseases and occurrences regulations:   The health careprofessionals have an obligation to report death or serious workplaceaccidents, diseases and any other risks to the HSE. The HSE is the health andsafety executive which is accountable for the service provider’s actions andwhat precautions that could be put in place rot stop these risks fromhappening.The service providersshould have up to date training materials, assistance, and programs in safework practices. It is important to report injuries as this indicatessomething has gone wrong in protecting the service user and that there shouldbe renewed policies put in place to make sure that nothing else happens in thefuture.

If there are possible contagious diseases the correct authorities needto be reported to, to isolated he care setting and make sure they know what thedisease is and what the effects are.In the Zebra Ward and Merryvaleresidence it is extremely important to report injuries as the elderly and theyoung are more exposed to contagious diseases and they will last longer in thebody as the immune system for the elderly has declined. This would causeproblems for all service users as they would need to be taken to have tests andgiven medicine to make them feel better on top of their initial problems. Theservice providers have the duty of care to keep the service uses from harm andmake sure that they are looked after and safe practice.  Control of Substances Hazardous to HealthRegulations:  In health and social care setting the controlof substances may apply to cleaning materials and medications that may bedangerous if not used properly.

It is important for the service provider tosafely prescribe the medication making sure the service user knows the risk toavoid complaints and legal proceedings. They also have the duty of care to keepthe user away from harm by ensuring that the potentially dangerous substancesare safely stored and that the staff are up to date with the training regardingthe hazardous substances.  The law requirescontrol the exposure levels to dangerous substances if they can be secured in asafe and password secure room. The service provider should have the contact informationfor the authorities, the emergencyresponse services for incidents involving hazardous materialsand all staff should be aware of the guidance on effective emergency managementof the materials/substances.In the Zebra Ward and Merryvale it is important for safepractice, to keep everyone safe when dealing with these substances. The youngchildren in the ward are easily damaged by the substances as their cells arestill new and by giving the children dangerous substances it could cause thecells to mutate resulting in big problems in later life. The chronic illnesseswill cause problems for all those involved as they may not know theconsequences of exposing the children to the hazardous substances.

Many can damage the skin, and some can cause seriouslong-term damage to the lungs.The Merryale residents may already have problems like asthma or ill health andby using certain cleaning materials it can cause irritations for their lungsand could cause an outbreak in air disease related problems. By keeping thesubstances safe the providers are protecting the duty of care and keeping theservice user and other service providers safe. They could also providehazardous waste management and disposal services this would prevent anycontaminated objects and left-over substances from being used again or gettingpicked up by other people. The service providers should have up to datetraining materials, assistance, and programs in safe work practices.

Each individual in health and social care is expected to performall work safely. Managers and supervisors should inaugurate and maintain asystem of safety which will have positive impact on the service users and willmake sure the environment is safe for all users and providers. They should alsomake sure there’s discipline to uphold good health and safety practices. Safetymust be a part of every individual’s role and responsibility for expectationand evaluation.

Duty of care is a legal obligation to, the principle is this isthat you have an obligation to avoid acts which could be foreseen to injure orput service users at risk the service provider should always acts in the bestinterest of individuals and others. Not act or fail to act in a way thoseresults in harm. This means that you must foresee risks for the user and takecare to prevent them coming to harm. It is important for the server providerhave a duty of care to all those receiving care and support in your workplace.This means endorsing health and wellbeing and making sure that people areguarded safe from harm, abuse and injury. It is significant to promote safepractice and that all health care professionals know and apply the regulations.If not properly done it can result in extreme mistakes and complaints, thiswould then be handled by the manager and if the offence is serious you could bestripped off you licence, the overall image of the health and social caresetting will be affected by this and the service user may not want to go backto the provider.

In extreme cases it could lead to criminal charges and thiswould have seriously negative consequences for both the provider and the user,so all legislations and the duty of care are needed to provide a safe andsecure environment which promotes the individual.  A complaint is important as it provides health service providerswith insight that they can improve their work and the overall service userexperience. The effective feedback positive and negative is very helpful; it isused for valuable information to make important decisions. Certainorganisations such as the CQC, the Ombudsman Health Service and the localcouncil want to know about any complaints and these are the services you wouldgo to if your complaint is not being taken seriously or you are unhappy of theoutcome. It can also use the complaints to improve services, service users areentitled to high-quality care and, where opportunities for improvements hasbeen identified, it is important that those improvements are made. When someonegets a complaint the service provider wants to prevent it from happening again,as it will look bad for the representation of the practice, by improving theservice it means they won’t have bad reputation and ensure the serviceproviders are doing their job properly. More people are likely to go to theservice provider if they take in consideration complaints and act uponthem.