Reflectivepractice can be defined as a way of thinking about an event that allows us tothink about what was positive or difficult and how it can be developed in thefuture. (RCN). It is vital that practitioners use theory and evidence-based practicein reflective written work. Expectations on their knowledge and ability are extremelyscrutinized. By recognising their strengths, issue that can be further improvedand continuously thinking about the effects of their expertise provided what knowledgethey know about theory, practice and method in their field can be a method bywhich a practitioner grows adapts and changes.
This essay will first examinethe theories and model of reflection, and then moves on to comparing andcontrasting models using two other theorists and lastly, reflecting upon anincident which occurred whilst working.Theoriesand model of reflectionJohn Dewey(1933) defined reflection as a process of recalling an event which is initiatedby an experience of a person who was involved in someone’s life. Reflection is oneof the most important key to an effective learning in everyday life. In nursingreflection is a mindful activity in which we thrive to learn through analyticalthinking by putting ourselves into the experience. The concept of reflectionwas introduced in the 1980’s by educational theorist Dewey (1983), whosuggested that ‘we learn by doing and realising what came of what we did'(Jasper 2003, p.2).
Reflective practice is being able to reflect from a certainevent, understanding what has happened and developing ideas that enables aperson to take action (Jasper 2003). It is a cycle of moving forward by continuouslyreflecting on experiences, building knowledge and understanding it each time asimilar experience occurs (Kolbs 1984). Reflection happens in everyday life forinstance, a university student preparing for an exam and does not manage timevery well, resulted in failing the examination. When the student reflects, theywill learn that they should manage their time efficiently. This is an indicationof reflection because the student learned from their experience and applied necessaryadjustment to avoid the same outcome in the future. Since the 1980’s thedevelopment of reflective skills has been widely adopted especially in bestpractice in professional practice. Dewey’s reflection insight has raised areasfor many authors to develop on in terms of recognising reflective practice.
Differentexplanation of reflection and reflective practice, however there are only wellknown basic forms of reflection which can be applied in health care.