Psychodynamic theory comprises of an assessment based onindividual’s personality in the unconscious state of psychological processes.Freud’s psychoanalysis approach describes the individual’s unconscious mindconcerning emotions and thoughts.
Freud’s theory is clinically based, data wascollected from individuals during therapy sessions. This therapy is often usedto treat mental health problems like panic attacks, anxiety, depression andparanoid. This approach views the unconscious mind as the main foundation ofhuman behaviour. All behaviour has a cause and becomes determined. Freudexplains this by using an iceberg representing the mind in three parts, id, egoand super-ego. The most important part of the mind people cannot view, thiscontains motives, feelings and decisions. These can be influenced by pastexperiences and stored in the unconscious part of the mind. Childhoodexperiences and events can have a huge influence on lives, shaping the personalityas individuals grow.
Events that occurred in childhood can remain in theunconscious part and cause problems in later life. Freud’s psychodynamic theorysuggested that the personality is made up of three parts, id, ego andsuper-ego. The id is an important area as newborns and is based on the pleasureprinciple. When the child is hungry, the id part wants food and the baby cries.If the child is in pain or discomfort or wants attention, the id seeksattention until the needs are fulfilled.
The ego understands in relation to individualsthat have needs and desires. This part of the personality is responsible for meetingthe needs of the id, while considering the reality of the situation. Like theid, the ego seeks pleasure and avoids pain on the basis of devising a realisticplan to get pleasure. The super-ego is the moral part of the personalitydeveloping values, social rules and morals of society learnt from parents andothers. The super-ego’s function is to control the id’s impulses such as socialbehaviour, aggression and sex. (Freud.Sigmund,1939)