Prolong impacts their childhood and adulthood too, it creates

Prolong substance abusedoes not only effect the individual’s  physical health, mental health and spirit butit also has an adverse effects on the immediate family of the addict. It effectvery single member of the immediate family, and has a great influence on thefamily’s physical, health, finances and psychological wellbeing. Recently thesociety has moved away from traditional nuclear family to many variations like single-parent home, blended family and a home headed by grandparents. The situation ofeach addict is different which makes every family situation unique, each familymember plays a role to help maintain balance and stability in family; and theirroles shift naturally to adjust to the behavior associated with alcohol or druguse. (Blechman, 1982). The children are affected mostly and it impacts their childhoodand adulthood too, it creates loneliness, helplessness, poor self-image, anxiety, guilt, chronic depression and the fear of abandonment in them. In case of a maternalsubstance abuse during pregnancy, it leads to developmental and behavioraldisorders in children and increases the chance of premature birth, birthdefects, still birth, underweight birth and most devastating is a baby with withdrawalsymptoms (Bánhidy, Lowry& Czeizel, 2005).

Similarly in Seychelles substance abuse is high and is affectingmany individuals and their families. Alcohol consumption in Seychelles isincreasing annually where a large amount of household budget is spent on alcohol;leading to increase in alcohol related hospital and psychiatric ward admission (Perdrixet al,. 1999). Drinking by men is not just a recent problem but there are manyunderlying factors too; firstly alcohol and home-brews (baka and kalou) iseasily and widely available throughout the country at any time of the year,secondly drinking has become a very important aspect of the culture as it isintegrated a part of men recreational activities, thirdly drinking is also aresult of peer pressure, where young boys are introduced to drinking at homeand gradually the habit ingrains in the company of peers (Benedictand Benedict, 1982). Other factors like social and monetarydemands from wives, children, mistresses, parents and friends results in pressuringthe men and they find themselves caught in a system of demands and expectationswhich is out of their control and results in them responding by drinking (Benedictand Benedict, 1982).

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Alcoholism is Seychelles is leading to neglecting social responsibilities,domestic violence, unsafe sex, unplanned pregnancies and transmitting STDs andother diseases like Hepatitis C. Another interesting fact is that there is ahigh tolerance of male drinking heavily over female drinkers as female who drinkheavily as considered as a social failure (Perdrix et al., 1999).