Prepared in Auckland (Girling, Sweetsur & Wikins, 2008). In


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Presented to:

Ministry of Health

The Ministry of Justice




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To:        The Ministry of Health and The Ministry
of Justice

From:          Quan Liu

Date:          7 October 2017

Subject:     Recommendations for reducing drug misusein New Zealand







Drug misuse is a
significant issue in New Zealand. Lots of New Zealanders have tried illegal
drugs.  There is research from
Christchurch that 80% people have attempted drugsfor one occasion, and 10% were
addicted (Ministry of Health, 2015). Undoubtedly, drug misuse might lead to
some problems, such as psychosis, low education, vehicle accident
(Fergusson& Boden,2011). Also, low price of drugs cause teenagers take drug
easily (Prasad,

There are various factors which cause drug misuse. There are alsoseveral solutions to
deal with these problems. This report discusses issues and solutions. It also
provides some discussions and recommendations to help the New Zealand Government resolve drug abuse issues.
It involves legalizing drug, making interventionand targeting
drug supply and demand




1 – Cannabis is one of illegal drugs
in New Zealand

There was a report in 2013 which
showed that nearly 11% people in New Zealand hadtried cannabis over the past year,
and male users who use cannabis at least weekly take 12% of all people who had
drug using experience. (MoH, 2015).A large amount of cannabis users make black
market gain huge profits from cannabis (Prasad, Rychert,


2 –Methamphetamine is a harmful drug

The survey in 2013 showed
54% of frequent drug users thought that methamphetamine is an easily obtained drug
because of its price. (Prasad, Rychert,Wilkins&Wong,
2014). Also, methamphetamine was the second of commonly illicit drug in
Auckland (Girling, Sweetsur & Wikins, 2008).

In conclusion, these two drugs in New Zealand are
the main problems whichresult in drug misuse.

In order to
resolve these issues, this report will discuss feasible solutions and make clear
recommendations as to the most suitable course of action.




To address the above problems, this report identifies three
potential solutions for the MoH and MoJ to consider.  Thesesolutions involved
drug legalization, food supplier regulation and antibiotics


1-Drug Legalization

Drug legalization is one
way to resolve drug misuse. In Canada, the government have approved the legalization
of marijuana, which designed to reduce social and health harms (Canadian Medical
Association, 2016).


2-Drug InterventionSystem

Drug Intervention Programme is working in England. It aimed to break the
substance abuse cycle. It involved many steps: drug testing, restricting bail,drugeducation
and aftercare. (Wragg, K., 2010).


3- Targetingdrug supply and demand

Australian government focused on targetingpsychostimulant
supply and demand. The government
reinforced this strategy via controllingborders, developing workforce
activities and enforcinglaws (Abbott, T., 2016).



There are three
possible solutions which could reduce drug abuse risk.

Firstly, drug
legalization could be an efficient way to reduce the problem. If the government
controls the market of cannabis, then, all profits from marijuana could be spent
on health treatment or other area. However, there is a potential risk of drug
driving. A survey from Canada showed that 44% Canadians did not know the
impacts of cannabis driving (O’Sullivan, S., 2016).

establishing drug intervention system might be good for the people who have
taken drugs, especially for the high-risk groups (Wragg, K., 2010). Educate and
help them change could assist them back tosociety successfully. However, it
require of building a complete intervention system, which needs a long time put
into practice.

Thirdly, targeting
drug supply and demand is necessary. There is no doubt that drug traffickers
exist in New Zealand. There is a responsibility for the government to track
these crimes and ensure citizens safety. So, the activities such as controlling
the border and enforcing the laws are required (Abbott, T., 2016).
Nevertheless, this action might need plenty of workforce resources.


As a consequence of the
above discussion and analysis, the method involving drug intervention systemmust be rejected asoptional solution.  As such, this report recommendsdruglegalization and targeting drug track as the solutions for New
Zealand drug misuse issue.


To successfully resolve New Zealand drug issues, the MoH and MoJ must take
the following steps to restrict
drug market in New Zealand.

1- Drug Legalization

MoH and MoJ must introduce relevant law of cannabis legalization. People in New
Zealand must follow it. Next, the government must assign approved shop to sell
cannabis. Any storesthatsell cannabis without approval certification are
illegal. After that, controlling drug supply chain is indispensable (Canadian
Pharmacists Association, 2016) for MoH and MoJ.

2- Targeting drug supply and demand

MoH and MoJ must followstrategy targeting drug supply and demand. It is
necessary to keep illegal importing away from border. Then, the MoH and must
strengthen the laws about illicit drug sale (Abbott, T., 2016). Finally, MoJ
must enforce the laws.


By implementing the stated
recommendations, MoH and MoJ
will overcome the existing problems relating to the drug misuse issue. 
This will ensure a positive future for drug regulation in New Zealand.


?791 Words?



Abbott, T. (July, 2016). Road to Recovery: Report on the inquiry into substance abuse in
Australian communities. Retrieved

Boden, J., , F.(2011). Improving
the Transition: Reducing Social and Psychological Morbidity During Adolescence.
Retrieved May 2011 from

Medical Association. (August 29, 2016). CMA Submission:
Regulation and Restriction of Access to Marijuana.
Retrieved from:

Canadian Pharmaciss Association. (2016). SUBMISSION TO THE TASK
FORCE ONMarijuana Legalizationand Regulation:  August 29, 2016. Retrieved


Girling, M., Sweetsur, P., & Wikins, C.
February 2008 from

Ministry of Health. (2015). National Drug Policy
2015 to 2020: August 2015. Retrieved from

Ministry of Health. (2015). Cannabis Use
2012/2013: New Zealand Health Survey May 2015.Retrieved from

O’Sullivan, S. (August 2016). Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime.
Considerations for the Development of a Framework to Legalize, Regulate and
Restrict Access to Marijuana. Retrieved from:

Prasad, J., Rychert, M.,  Wilkins, C., &Wong,
Retrieved October 2014 from:

Wragg, K. (December, 2010). Sustance use and
misuse. Retrieved from: