Parkinson’s Disease is directly correlated to the fall of dopamine levels as a result of the death of neurons that produce dopamine in the brain (Biological Concepts of Heath 2016). Currently, there is no existing cure for Parkinson’s disease. Most of the treatments focus on replenishing dopamine levels in the brain or finding a way to continue surviving with the remaining dopamine (Biological Concepts of Heath 2016).
A common treatment of Parkinson’s Disease consists of medications, which work towards managing the symptoms in everyday life, but often carry associated side effects (Parkinson Canada 2018). Levodopa, one of the main medication types, is converted into dopamine when absorbed by nerve cells in the brain (NHS 2018). Dopamine agonists are a different medication which act as a substitute for dopamine (NHS 2018). Another common medication, monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors, prevent the brain substance from disintegrating dopamine (NHS 2018). However, in some cases, a surgery known as deep brain stimulation may be recommended. This procedure involves implanting electrodes, which are connected to a generator in the chest wall, into specific parts of the brain (NHS 2018). Electric pulses sent by the generator travel through the wire to the parts of the brain affected by Parkinson’s Disease, thus easing the symptoms for some individuals (Mayo Clinic 2018).
Building a support system for the patient is essential for effective treatment. Regular specialist reviews every 6-12 months is a crucial part of maintenance for all individuals affected by Parkinson’s Disease (Patient 2018). Patients should have access to nurses, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy as a part of their improvement process, while also maintaining their normal routine as much as possible (Patient 2018).
In summary, although no cure exists for Parkinson’s Disease, there are methods that reduce the effects of symptoms. Individual patients need to be cared for by specialists as one method may not be useful for everyone. A good support system is crucial for improvement.