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Botswana is the country with the most significant scale of diamond mining and industries. Once Botswana was a fiscally unsettled, and undeveloped country, but currently, it consists the label of the most affluent country in Africa, and also a middle-income nation with exceptionally high economic advancements. However, in 2015, a mighty obstacle comes into their sight; a drought caused by El Nino lead to a water crisis in 2015 (Mail & Guardian Africa). El Nino is a climate cycle when the temperature of the western tropical Pacific ocean rises  inflatedly, and it runs towards the east, to South Africa, which shouldn’t occur in regular occasions (Live Science). The water crisis influenced Botswana in distinct aspects with severe aftermaths. Botswana is a republic that is surrounded by South Africa, Namibia, and Zimbabwe, on the center of southern Africa (Namu Wiki). After a thorough and attentive research and analysis, it is identified that during the years between 2014-2016 in Botswana, GDP descended  in 2015 and reclaimed their record back in 2016, and the life expectancy didn’t get impacted and conserved a pace of constant ascent, and the two indicators has an exclusive relations, where the decline of GDP in 2015 was utilized as a protection device of life expectancy abating when the water crisis arose in 2015. 
     In 2014, Botswana’s GDP was 16.26 Billion USD, in 2015, it dwindled to 14.44 Billion USD which was an 11.22% recession, and lastly, in 2016, the GDP regained its elevating inclination, and it recorded 15.57 Billion USD, a 7.85% betterment (Knoema). There are three ways that Botswana earns water, and it isn’t very productive. The first technique is rainfalls. However, it isn’t consistent but sporadic, and the supply of precipitation varies from the region by region from 300mm-600mm (NEPAD). The second approach is using the groundwater, and the depths of the groundwater also differ by provinces, from 101-121m in the Kalahari, and 60-29m in the eastern area. Some of the groundwater isn’t available due to high salinity. These underground aquifers didn’t receive any recharge, and it is predicted that the aquifers will never go back to the original capacity (NEPAD). Also, the groundwater pollution is a immense agenda. The contamination was processing since 1995, and its condition is  relentlessly decaying. The last method is using the river basins. Botswana can access to 6 river basins, located in Africa. However, 5 of them are originated in other nations such as Zimbabwe, so Botswana needs to negotiate with that country to use the water sources. As explained above, Botswana isn’t a country with abundant water sources. So, the water crisis must have brought drastic consequences to their economy. As the results, the national cereal production didn’t attain the annual expected production rate of 300,000 tons, but 7,382 tons against. Also, 43 million $ of the relief funds will be used to rectify the casualties. Lastly, the finance ministry of Botswana declared that there will be a $ 386 million shortfall until 2016 March, and the economy of Botswana will wane immensely in 2015. As presented it is evident and coherent why the GDP ebbed in 2015; it is because Botswana genuinely lacked water sources, and there was a substantial economic loss. However, how did they compensate from the destructions so promptly in 2016? The answer comes from the secure economy that Botswana has. According to the United Nations,”Botswana ‘s greatest assets are peace, law & order, disciplined fiscal and monetary policies, capable public institutions.”. Furthermore, Botswana scored ‘A’s for straight seven years in the sovereign credit ratings. Botswana obtains cordial associations with EU and US. Also, diverse financial sectors are steadily cultivating, such as insurance companies, banks, and stock markets. Botswana has an investor-friendly business environment with outstanding global entrepreneurs and prepared high-quality business opportunities. Overall, though there were vast economic damages in 2017 that drove the GDP to deteriorate, the economy of Botswana was remarkably solid from the past, so it was able to retrieve back in 2016. 
    The life expectancy of Botswana possess a static trend of perpetual increments. In 2014, its rate was 64.694 years. In 2015, it was 65.85 years, which was 1.16 years rise, then in 2016, Botswana recorded 66.80 years, and it was 0.95 years rise. The reason behind why the life expectancy of Botswana didn’t get disturbed by the water crisis is the government’s massive project that they planned to resolve the calamity. The government requested cooperation with Lesotho, a neighboring country with a surplus quantity of water and with Zambia and Zimbabwe that has river Zambezi in their dominion to construct a pipeline system that provides water sources to Botswana pumped from Lesotho and Zambezi. Even though a severe water crisis was processing, since the citizen was supplied with an adequate amount of water, it minimized the ramifications of the water crisis. Also, as mentioned above, a tremendous amount of money of 43 million dollars from the relief fund was invested to assist the citizen’s welfare. Overall, since there aren’t any circumstances that would reduce the life expectancy, it will persist the rising prosperity that was refining since 2005.
    The correlation between Botswana’s GDP and life expectancy is controversy to the stereotypical theory of when GDP increases, so does the life expectancy. However, this relationship is extraordinarily unique and exceedingly efficient. The downturn of the GDP in 2015 was because it was consumed in establishing the repercussions and maintaining the citizen’s welfare, and this reinforces the life expectancy to sustain its emerging trend. This is a very unique relationship between them. Now, why is this relationship ‘efficient’? It is because at last GDP also recovered back to its original position after all. Botswana is the economy is inevitably durable, and as the evidence, the rate property rights, business freedom, investment freedom, and government integrity are above average. Botswana’s economy has enough ability to preserve the life expectancy along with its GDP. To sum up, the interrelationship between Botswana’s GDP and life expectancy is GDP in 2015 is used to endure the life expectancy throughout the crisis, and at last, both indicators will escalate since GDP’s rate rose back in 2016. 
    After a session of inspection, two other factors may have possibly affected GDP and life expectancy during 2014-2016. The first element is the fall of Botswana’s diamond industry could  contributed to the downfall of GDP in 2015. In 2015, the price of the diamond declined up to 28%. Also, China, one of the largest diamonds investors, suddenly paused on importing diamonds starting in 2015.  The second factor is the reduce in HIV/AIDS rate may have augmented the regular rise of life expectancy. Botswana used to have an extreme rate of HIV prevalence, but it started to decrease since 2013. This may have intensified the simultaneous rise of the life expectancy. 
Through this report, the relationship between Botswana’s GDP and life expectancy was examined. The relationship was exceedingly beneficial to both indicators, the GDP bolstered the life expectancy to uphold its rate and claim a gradual development together. Even though a nation may face a rigorous catastrophe, if they use its given superiority, it can survive through the crisis, just like Botswana. 

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