“One alwaysbegins with the simple, then comes the complex, and by superior enlightenmentone often reverts in the end to the simple. Such is the course of humanintelligence.” The famous French enlightenmentwriter, Francois-Marie Arouet better known as Voltaire,I feel perfectly encapsulated the propagation of what we call human evolution,but specifically the establishment of human intelligence. The great learningupheaval can be traced all the way back to the disorder of when the universefirst began, where from cosmic chaos gave birth to this complexity needed forlife to be sustained, however, we know that this sudden change is notinstantaneous but rather this product of millions of years of slow adaptation. Everyone anticipates the behaviour of others and we all havesome understanding of human nature, and we do this via introspection on our ownminds with some preconceived notion that our fellow men are exactly like us andby observing others’ behaviour and storing generalizations.
“The human mind is capable of a full rangeof behaviours and predisposed to none”- Stephen Jay Gould which means, for an instance, consider the human mind as a blankslate and its structure is attributed to socialization, culture, parenting and experiences.This official “blank slate” theory can betraced back to the 17th-centuryphilosopher John Locke, while there are various reasons to doubt this theory,the most obvious can be found in general common knowledge or sense by evenlooking at our own personal lives. Almost every parent knows and every teenagercapable of comprehending that whenever a child is brought into this world, theybring with them certain temperaments and individual talents. Another example ofreasonable doubt can be found in anthropology (the study of humans within pastand present societies and civilizations) with this conceptualization of “humanuniversals” – are qualities that, due to our shared evolutionary history,characterize all humans across the globe without the widespread learning of them.
Qualities such as how all humans have a capacity to learn language, how groupshave specific traditions when it comes to the birth, marriage or death of lovedone and how humans all demonstrate a strong need for interactions with otherhumans are a few examples of what’s common to the world’s 6000 odd cultures andexhibits a diverse set of behaviours, emotions and ways of how we construe theworld.