“One looking at our own personal lives. Almost every

“One always
begins with the simple, then comes the complex, and by superior enlightenment
one often reverts in the end to the simple. Such is the course of human
intelligence.” The famous French enlightenment
writer, Francois-Marie Arouet better known as Voltaire,
I feel perfectly encapsulated the propagation of what we call human evolution,
but specifically the establishment of human intelligence. The great learning
upheaval can be traced all the way back to the disorder of when the universe
first began, where from cosmic chaos gave birth to this complexity needed for
life to be sustained, however, we know that this sudden change is not
instantaneous but rather this product of millions of years of slow adaptation.




Everyone anticipates the behaviour of others and we all have
some understanding of human nature, and we do this via introspection on our own
minds with some preconceived notion that our fellow men are exactly like us and
by observing others’ behaviour and storing generalizations. “The human mind is capable of a full range
of behaviours and predisposed to none”- Stephen Jay Gould which means, for an instance, consider the human mind as a blank
slate and its structure is attributed to socialization, culture, parenting and experiences.
This official “blank slate” theory can be
traced back to the 17th-century
philosopher John Locke, while there are various reasons to doubt this theory,
the most obvious can be found in general common knowledge or sense by even
looking at our own personal lives. Almost every parent knows and every teenager
capable of comprehending that whenever a child is brought into this world, they
bring with them certain temperaments and individual talents. Another example of
reasonable doubt can be found in anthropology (the study of humans within past
and present societies and civilizations) with this conceptualization of “human
universals” – are qualities that, due to our shared evolutionary history,
characterize all humans across the globe without the widespread learning of them.
Qualities such as how all humans have a capacity to learn language, how groups
have specific traditions when it comes to the birth, marriage or death of loved
one and how humans all demonstrate a strong need for interactions with other
humans are a few examples of what’s common to the world’s 6000 odd cultures and
exhibits a diverse set of behaviours, emotions and ways of how we construe the

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