Now be using his own made public diplomacy regarding

we will take a closer look at the history of US public policy including the
founding fathers and how they used their foreign policy to prevent an outbreak of
a war and ended up winning their independence and ended up forming the United
States of America. The research period for the history will be the beginning of
the United States and then a main focus on the 20th century, with
the main events related war, meaning World War 1, World War 2 and the Cold War
period. The 21st century with the September 11 attacks, will be
discussed in another portion.  Basically,
the United States or at that time colonies, as the United States as a country
did not formally exist, was being taxed by the British Empire to pay for their
own benefits including going to war. What enraged the colonies even further was
the fact that they were being taxed without actually having elected any officials,
which was known as taxation without representation. This of course enraged the
colonies, as they themselves were not able to vote for any representation and
were being taxed without even having any representatives. If you look at it
from this point of view, you could consider the founding fathers the first
diplomats of the United States of America. Ben Franklin acted on the colonies
behalf and flew out to different countries, presenting his case to governments
and releasing articles, pamphlets and other documents to further his cause. US
Public Diplomacy was a little bit quieter after that. Events in the 20th
century have given rise again to more use of US Public Diplomacy. During the
outbreak of the first World War in the 1917 President Woodrow Wilson came up
with the idea to establish a Committee on Public Information, or CPI for short.
This was a campaign from the US government to get the general public involved
in World War 1. Not only did this campaign try to get the general public
involved, but also asked for support and in the hopes of also stopping local
and foreign opinion against US involvement in the war

3. History

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To better
understand governments actions and interactions with the world and other
countries it is important to know what public diplomacy is and how leaders use
it for their countries and how their interaction with other leaders affects its
citizens and the people and major public in general. For example, a diplomat
could be using his own made public diplomacy regarding the current situation
given in his or her host country, making sure it suits local conditions. Public
diplomacy is if you think about it a little like running a business, you are
going to find ways to market your country, for example by producing information
about your country, such as magazines, literature, movies, etc. To be more
specific when it comes to the United States, ‘Public diplomacy entails
informing, engaging and influencing foreign publics so that they may, in turn,
encourage their governments to support key U.S. policies’ (US Advisory
Commission) Public diplomacy is a part of a country´s foreign policy tool. Now
of course, some countries, such as North Korea do not care much about their
image to the rest of the world and especially in relation to the United States,
but as we will focus mainly on the US, you can still get an idea about what
public diplomacy is, and how countries use or not use it. This means that
public diplomacy also helps correct false images and other negative views there
might be, again depending on the country, as mentioned above, as North Korea
has a different policy. Most other countries, including the United States will
mostly focus on creating a positive view of themselves to the rest of the
world, this includes removing any negative views there might be, of course the
USA will have its wars which are not going to be seen as positive in regards to
certain countries, however this is something that is can always have an effect
on a country´s image. Other factors that public diplomacy includes are hoping
for more foreign investment from businesses, etc., hoping to spur up the
economy for example through visiting tourists and educating about its culture.
It is also to create a deeper understanding of each other’s cultures and build
connections and relationships with each other. As a whole, governments not only
interact with other governments, but also educational institutions, citizens of
each country, etc. for example by giving other countries a foreign library or
an exhibit explaining more about the culture of the country, other media
outlets that can be use are the World Wide Web for example.

2. Understanding Public Diplomacy

In this essay we
will take a closer look at public diplomacy of the United States, specifically,
the history of US public diplomacy starting with the founding fathers and how
the United States was formed. Then we will look at examples of current and recent
public diplomacy issues and events that have shaped US image around the world
especially regarding the middle east and the Islamic world. In addition, with
the “decline” of the US economy and the rise of the Chinese economy, we will
also look at US-China relations and how public diplomacy is used. Lastly, we
will take a look at US outreach activities that engage foreign countries in US
culture and bring other countries closer to the US, American culture and the
American way of life. The first question to ask is, what is a Public Diplomacy?
Looking at the dictionary definition of public policy according to Merriam
Webster it´s “the policy of a sovereign state in its interaction with other
sovereign states” (Merriam Webster) or “a government strategy in dealing with
other nations”, what is important is that one should not forget that mostly the
state or nation is still dealing with self-interest, meaning that even if the
cooperation happens, governments will still protect their own interest.

1. Introduction