Not only due to overfishing but alsobecause of environmental hazards, the climate change and pollution has alsocatered to the change in fisheries and reducing the number of fisheries in theoceans and seas. This gives rise to devastating the reef, mangroves and theseagrass belts, which in eventually reduce the commercially valuable fish tohatch and also not making the area fit and suitable for these fishes. (KherUmesh, 2006)Overfishing is also a major problem asthese fishing techniques followed by the small fishermen are through unsortedfishing, which means that no matter what kinds of fish, matured or not, arecaught which will further give a drop in the percentage of reproduction. (WalshBryan, 2012). Also some of thestudies state that the Bluefin Tuna caught for commercial purposes have notreached yet to their reproductive age which ranges almost to 90% of the totalfish caught. Through this practice, the Bluefin Tuna undermines their abilityto reproduce and now the world sees a diminishing population of the Bluefin bynot giving them chances for rebuilding their population. And thus it happenssuch that the Bluefin Tuna in Japan is so valuable.
(WalshBryan, The Pacific Bluefin Tuna is Going, Going…, 2013).
The National Fisheries Research &Development Institute states that overfishing is one of the large phenomenonwhich is causing diminish in the fishery resources. But also the occurrence ofglobal warming is also one of the reason for the diminishing of fisheryresources in these littoral zones. In Korea, the case is different, overfishingis not mainly done by the citizens of Korea but this is done by the Chinesefishing boats in the Korean waters to combat the competition in the fisherymarkets, which damages the reproductive lifecycle of underwater species. (JangLina, 2016).Especially in the last year, the volumeof squid fishing has drastically reduced due to overfishing by the Chinesefisheries. This gave fall in the squid output to almost 10% than that of theprevious year.
This was because of China and North Korea signed a pact whichallowed Chinese ships to catch in the North Korea Sea following with someamount of fees. Experts mentioned that because of movement of squid form NorthKorea down to South Korea, South Korea is facing in a decline in the squid volume.The South Korea’ Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries stated to Beijing ensuringthe Chinese ships to take a step back and not damaging the South Korean fishingequipment. Also there were and there still are high tension between China andSouth Korea when China’s boat initiated illegal fishing in South Korean sea. (Yonhap News, 2018). References to Literature Review JangLina.
(2016). Korean Fish Stocks Plummet after Overfishing. “THE KOREA BIZWIRE”. KherUmesh. (2006).
Oceans of Nothing – A study says overfishing will soon destroy the seafood supply. “TIME”. WalshBryan. (2012). A Dark Cloud and a Silver Lining for the World’s Fisheries.
“TIME”. WalshBryan. (2013). The Pacific Bluefin Tuna is Going, Going…
“TIME”. Yonhap News. (2018). Chinese boat’s overfishing dents squid haul in East Sea. “YUNHAP NEWS AGENCY”. CURRENT SITUATION IN KOREA The Korean Government has set many regulationson the fishery stock that has been exploited by the Chinese vessel and ishaving dispute between China. The problem has got serious when Chinese vesselillegally crossed the borders of the sea and have illegally exploited on thefishery products in Korean Sea. Last year, the situation was worse and therewere lots of news channels on how exploitation is taking place in Korea by theChinese vessel.
This has been going on from past many years, where in the lastyear, there was squid crisis in Korea, where North Korea have permitted China totake fishing activities in North Korea Sea, but overfishing took place there sothe squids could not come down reaching till Korea Sea.The government of Korea has givenpermission to the Maritime Police to threaten the Chinese vessels when theycross over the Korean sea and take illegal fishing practices. This is done asthe situation continues even though series of notice has been given to the Chinesegovernment on the illegal practices happening on the Korean sea.This overexploitation by the Chinesevessel is a big problem to the population of Korea, as in 2015, the Koreangovernment has banned import of the fishery produce coming from Japan which wasset up by the WTO. This is because when Fukushima crisis, a large amount ofradioactive material was dumped in to the ocean, thus the Korean government hasseen this problem might cause threat to the population of Korea and havedecided on the ban.
LESSONS LEARNED As studied through researches and news, Ihave seen that even though WTO nor the GATT imposes rules and regulations onthe environmental issues, people are not aware of the issues arising around theworld. As fishery produce being the main part of the ecosystem, there should bemore stringent laws regulating on the fishery produce.Also it was quite surprising that theissues in Korea is severe than what I had knowledge on. Overfishing is quitefrequent in the Korea Sea, and this problem should be resolved as soon aspossible. RECOMMENDATION FOE FUTURE As a large number of the crowd is notaware that overfishing and depletion in the fishery produce can be a majorthreat to the ecosystem, there should be increase in the awareness of theseproblems. Overfishing should be given as much importance like deforestation,pollutions, etc.Also organizations like GATT and WTO mustinsist on the importance of overfishing and must increase the awareness and aswell as the provisions and laws should be strengthened.