Nazi’s Cyla and Simon were living, Lwów, in was

started taking control of the Jewish people around the time that World War II
started. Many people were against the taking of the Jewish and throwing them
into concentration camps, but many people knew they couldn’t do much to stop
them, Hitler was too powerful. One man, Simon Wiesenthal, believed he had the
strength and perseverance to take back Jewish freedom. Simon Wiesenthal begin
with a rough childhood, but eventually made it through high school and his
early family life. Simon was a renounced author and was well known all around
the nation during World War II. He was known for not only his books and journal
entries, but known mostly for his Nazi hunting skills.

            Simon Wiesenthal was born in 1908 on
December 31th in Austria-Hungary. He lived with his father, Asher Wiesenthal,
and his mother, Rosa Wiesenthal. His father was called into duty at the
beginning of World War I in 1914, a year later in 1915 he died in combat. After
his father’s death, the family decided to flee to Vienna because the Russians
started taking over their hometown. After the Russians retreated in 1917, the
Wiesenthal family returned back to Austria. After returning him and his younger
brother, Hillel Wiesenthal, attended high school, where Simon met a lady named,
Cyla Müller, who at the time he didn’t expect any outcome with her, but he
would marry Cyla later down the road in 1936. Shortly after graduating, his
brother fell and broke is back in 1932 and died a year later, then in 1926 his
mother remarried and moved to Dolyna, leaving Simon to live with the Müller

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            Three years after marrying his wife,
World War II began in September. The city in which Cyla and Simon were living,
Lwów, in was taken over by the Soviet Union and now known as Lvov. Months later
in July the Soviets forced Wiesenthal and other Jewish residents into forced
labor. Eventually in November of 1941 the Soviet had developed the city into
the Lwów Ghetto, all Jews had to give up their homes and possessions, several
thousand Jews were murdered during the transportation of them to the ghetto. Simon
was arrested during this time but avoided execution by his former foreman,

            In late 1941 Simon and his wife were
sent to Janowska concentration camp where they were forced to work at the
Eastern Railway Repair. Years later is wife was sent to Warsaw to work in a
German radio factory and also sent to two different labor camps as well.
Finally, in 1945 they were reunited and gave birth to their first child, a little
girl, a year later. They were warned that the Soviets would come and recapture
all the prisoners, so they went into hiding. They were found hiding under the
floorboards of a man’s house and were arrested and sent to Gross-Rosen
Concentration Camp, the inmates suffered from overcrowding and lack of proper
nutrients, many died during their stay in the concentration camp, Simon lost
his big toe on his right foot and had to get it amputated, during his foot
recovery he was forced to evacuate again. He was very ill during this march and
used a broom stick as a walking stick, he was one of the few to survive this
march. After his journey, he was placed in a death block for the mortally ill
where he barely survived, but lasted till the day the camp was liberated. Wiesenthal
only weighed 90 pounds when the camp was liberated.

            Three weeks after the liberation,
Simon decided to get back at those who did him wrong. Simon made a list of all
those suspected of Nazi crimes. The list of criminals mostly included guards,
camp commandants, and members of the Gestapo. Simon was an interpreter for business
that carried out arrests. While working as a Nazi hunter, Simon assisted the
Berihah, an underground organization that smuggled Jewish survivors into the
British Mandate for Palestine. He also served as vice-chairman of the Jewish
Central Committee, an organization that helped care for Jewish refugees and
help them find their missing family members. 
In 1947 Simon and 30 other volunteers founded the Jewish Documentation
Center to help gather more information for future war crimes, they ended up
collecting depositions from over 3,289 concentration camp survivors.

            After all of his hard work and
dedication towards the imprisonment of Nazi criminals, he was nominated for a
Nobel Peace Prize in 1985, forty years after the end of World War II.
Wiesenthal was competing against Elie Wiesel for the prize as well. Wiesenthal
lost the campaign to Wiesel, many said this was because the World Jewish
Congress influenced the Committee’s decision.

            Simon Wiesenthal received numerous
amounts of death threats throughout his life time. On June 11th in
1982 a neo-Nazi group set off a bomb
in front of Wiesenthal’s home, in order to prevent this from happening again,
he had guards protecting his house 24 hours a day. The threats put on her
husband made Cyla very stressed and caused her to suffer from major depression,
she died later in 2003 at the age of 95. Shortly after her death Simon retired,
on September 20, 2005 Simon died from natural causes, his last words being, “I
have survived them all. If there were any left, they’d be too old and weak to stand
trial today. My work is done.”

            Simon Wiesenthal is still remembered
greatly for his efforts during and after World War II. Simon is remembered
through his books and journal entries that he wrote during his time in
concentration camps. Books have been written about his amazing changes he made
for the Jewish community, there are also few films about his life in the camps
and his actions he took after the war. Simon may have not save the Jewish
people from being killed or forced in concentration camps, but at least he gave
justice to those beaten and mistreated.