Morality is a Culturally ConditionedResponseThis paper is an analytical essay on JessePrinz’s article; Morality is a Culturally Conditioned Response.
The analysis ofthe material focuses on the strategies that the author of the article hasemployed in persuading his audience to achieve his intended goal of making hisaudience believe that morality is indeed, culturally conditioned (Prinz 6). The paper, therefore, develops the author’s argument while at the sametime analyzing the strategies that the writer has used to efficiently persuadehis intended audience the paper, thus, does not merely summarize the Prinzsarticle. A close analysis of Prinz’s main argument inthis article reveals that Prinz is a proponent of relativism theory of ethics,and his chief aim in this article, therefore, is to argue and to defend moralrelativism (Prinz 7).
To achieve this end, Prinz employs thestrategies of persuasion, giving concrete examples, and relying on authority. Prinz began his argument in this articleargument by laying a strong foundation for his discussion Prinz started hisarticle by persuasively discussing the bases upon which relativism as a moraltheory is based. At the beginning of this section, Prinz argued that, in anethical controversy, each of the parties engaged in the great debate assumethat their views are correct, while the opinions of their opponents are wrong (Prinz 8). While the objectivists argue that in such anhonest discussion, only one of the parties can be right, the relativist theoryof ethics rejects this view and hold that it is possible for all theindividuals in the argument to be correct (Prinz 9). It isbecause according to moral relativism theory, ethics is based on emotionsrather than on reason. Having laid a strong foundation for his argument, Prinzwent on to give concrete examples to demonstrate that morality is indeed basedon emotions and not on reason.