Lupus The symptoms of lupus differ from person to

Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the body’s
immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks healthy normal tissue, it is a
long-term condition causing inflammation to the joints, skin and other organs.



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Lupus is generally treated using anti-inflammatory medicines
like ibuprofen, hydroxychloroquine for fatigue and skin and joint problems,
they also reduce inflammation. Steroid tablets can also be taken as well as
injections and creams for kidney inflammation and rashes. There have been two
new medicines introduced, these are rituximab and belimumab, they are sometimes
used to treat severe lupus. These are biological therapies which act against
B-cells, the blood cells which produce antibodies.



Diagnosing lupus is tough because signs and symptoms vary
from patient to patient. There is no definite sign or symptom that determines a
patient has lupus in which case a mixture of tests and observations is crucial.

the diagnosis is based upon signs and symptoms, physical examination and also
blood tests.


Signs and symptoms

The symptoms of lupus differ from person to person, some
people have only a few symptoms whereas some people have many. the chances of
developing lupus are higher in people who are female, black, between the ages
of 15 and 45, have a family history of lupus. Lupus causes mild to severe
fatigue. Even mild cases of lupus makes it difficult for a person to do day to
day activities. Joints such as the wrists, elbows, hands, knees and ankles maybe
painful, red and warm, may also swell. Skin problems is one of the main
symptoms which helps lead to the diagnosis. Approximately 40-70% of people with
lupus find that their disease is actually worse because of exposure to ultraviolet
light, it generally makes the skin rash worse. A type of skin disease which
could be developed by certain people is called cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Another
symptom is fever