Low If the person experiencing the sexual and verbal

            Low self-esteem
have side effect to teen ager, this effect can lead to abusing themselves by
wanting to use alcohol or party at night because they feel better and comfortable.
There are disorders that are connected to low self-esteem bulimia and natal
depression. There are symptoms of low self-esteem over eating, under eating,
anxiety, depression etc. because they think that other people are better than
them (ogle,2005). Most of the teenager in the world have low self-esteem
because they see their life as a negative and worthless (crocke,2006). That may
push to not exert effort because they feel that they are pointless and hopeless
(Burke, 2008)         


According to Gyura et. al. (2007). The
cause of low self-esteem is lack of support from family, friends, and jobs. Being
bullied and discriminate by classmate or the other people around. If the person
experiencing the sexual and verbal abuse in a violent way that may push to a
person to think that is normal from the because he/she cannot feel love and
valued from the people around them. The reason why of low self-esteem in a
person is by hearing a comment and experience incident that has a negative
impact that may affect and can change their beliefs cause of what the environment
want to feel from the person.

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According to Zeigler-hill (2006)
the consequences of low self-esteem is can lead to a person of using drugs and
alcohol abuse. According to hill (2006) the consequence includes the anxiety,
stress, depression, and loneliness, lack of confidence, problem with academic
performance, family friends and work. According to Gyura et. al. (2007) the
negative impact of low self-esteem is self-destruct behavior

            Stinson et al. (2008) found that
lower self-esteem in adolescents is predictive of poor health, and the authors
presented a model to explain this relationship as a result from poor quality
social bonds. Studies such as this underscore the holistic nature of facets of
adolescent functioning and the need to better understand the interaction of
factors that affect positive development and well-being. Wellness models based
in counseling emphasize these interactions and provide a structure for
developing strength-based counseling interventions (Myers & Sweeney, 2008).
The importance of such interventions during adolescence lies in helping young
person’s choose healthy behaviors as a foundation for healthy functioning across
the life span (Rayle & Moorhead, 2005). Although virtually all Wellness
models include attention to self-worth in relation to Wellness, studies
examining the relationship of Wellness factors to self-esteem among adolescents
have not been conducted.

According to previous
studies, parental pattern may influence the self-esteem of adolescents. A
research made by Van Volkom (2009) revealed that college women who felt
over-protected in the early years as well as currently may have low
self-esteem. The possible explanation would be: children receive a negative
message from their parents that they cannot take care of themselves; they also
do not receive encouragement or trust from their parents regarding their
abilities to handle different matters. These two factors lead to low
self-esteem. Moreover, the research shows that participants’ family situation,
such as parents’ employment and marital status (for example: divorce, separated,
widowed or unmarried) as well as birth order do not impact children’s