Leviticus is the middle book of the Pentateuch, which is the crucial section within the Pentateuch. This book is best known for the instructions that were placed on the types of sacrifices.
This was also a time when the Lord had given “instruction for ordaining Arron and his sons as priests.”1 Leviticus 8-9 is where we see this ordination take place. We also are taught that there was one priests that was to offer a sacrifice to tabernacle. This was what the priests were to do. In the Book of Leviticus, it shows us that there were five main sacrifices that were at the tabernacle. We are taught that these sacrifices that were done, were for uncleanness that is “improper diet, childbirth and discharge and various skin diseases.”2 Improper diet was determined by what they ate, whether it was considered a clean or unclean animal. Child birth and discharge was important because there were waiting times for each one before the woman was considered clean again.
One of the various skin diseases were that of leprosy, it was very well known in that time. Others were depended on what the uncleanness is, which determines what sacrifice should be done at the tabernacle. “These are of burnt offering, cereal offering, peace/fellowship/well-being, sin offering and guilt/reparation offering.”3 As each one of these offerings were placed on the tabernacle, the smoke and smell of the offering was a “pleasing odor to the Lord.”4 The odors that are pleasing to the Lord are that of whole burnt, cereal and peace offerings. The others are that of sin and guilt and these are when the priests will have to make an atonement for them, then they shall be forgiven for their guilt and sin committed. These sacrifices must be done before someone is forgiven for their sin and guilt or for them to be made clean in the Lords eyes.
These types of sacrifices are laws that must take place before someone is made whole and excepted by God. With these laws or sacrifices created responsibility not just for the priests but for the person that is taking the sacrifice to the tabernacle to offer it up to the Lord. It was very important that what they ate was clean and the people were clean as well as sin and guilt free before the Lord.