Joseph Stalin, was remembered as one of the bloodiest tyrants in the history of the world; became the absolute ruler of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Stalin was cruel, hard, and cold. He started using his assumed name Stalin, roughly translating as ‘man of steel’, in 1910, fostering his hard-lined image. After Lenin’s death in 1924, Stalin wrecked the old party leadership and took all control of Soviet Union. By the end of Lenin’s life, he wrote that Stalin shouldn’t be the next head and couldn’t be trusted.
He believed Stalin was a dangerous man to have had authority. By 1928, Stalin rose to an unprecedented level of power due to his own personal capabilities and understanding of workings in the Communist Party. To have had total power, Trotsky was forced to be exile in 1929, and now Stalin was stood locked wield absolute power as a dictator. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society to an industrialized superpower.
However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.The Great Purge, also known as the Great Terror, was one of the darkest period of Russian history from 1937 to 1938. Wired fences, watched towers, labored camp hunts, testaments to the suffering endured by millions of Soviet citizens during the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin. He began to establish a totalitarian state by directly get rid of any political oppositions in the Soviet Society. The Great Purge was remarkable because terrorism was an efficient tactic how Stalin could be able to keep his authority because there was no way for the people would throw Stalin out of power, especially since Stalin had the Army in his side.
If Stalin had just used persuasion then the people would not have worked hard enough and the idea of the new USSR would not have been created. Moreover, even though Russia’s army was not prepared for the German attack they were more organised. It was only by applying terror that Russia was able to hold together and push the Germans back out of Russia.
Terror was the most important reason why Stalin was still in power after the Second World War.The Long March was one of the most significant event in the history timeline of China. At the starting of October 1934, the Red Army ploughed from the southern Jiangxi province across 6,000 miles from the countryside to the northern China, fled from Kuomintang. Consequently, the Chinese Communists survived and prevented direct confrontation from the chasing of Kuomintang. I chose the Long March instead of Shanghai Massacre because the Long March is known as one successful military retreat which the Communists could gain control of all China through survived from the chasing of Kuomintang as the Japanese seek the civil war that occurred between both sides as a opportunity to launch an all-out invasion on China. It was also extremely significant in that during its course, Mao Tse-tung was officially given leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, an event that would solidify the party and greatly shape its future development as the Revolution continued to unfold. Conversely, the Shanghai Massacre turned out to be more of a failure and it didn’t compete successful against the Communists. Therefore, I chose the Long March over the Shanghai Massacre.
The Salt March was planned the movement, acting as a nonviolent protest against the British government. It was set off by Mahatma Gandhi and his small group of men who were his supporters traveling for about 240 miles to the western side of India by the seawater of a coastal village of Dandei in 12 March, 1930. They protested against the British government because the Indians had to pay taxes on salt and could only buy salt from the government, no other sources were allowed.
Furthermore, the British brutally used violence against the Indians to had taken control of them. However, the Indians had just simultaneously revealed their moral, not to fight back and continued to disobey the laws. This had gave us an image of the British would be impossible to kept their power to control India and they looked evil as the Indians gained more supports throughout the worldwide by the spreading news from reporters, journalists, newspapers, and other sources.
India would able to be granted independence from Britain after the British House of Common passed the Indian Independence Act.The Government of India Act was officially passed in August 1935 by the British Parliament. It gave local self-government and restricted democratic decisions, however not total independence to India. Be that as it may, the Government of India Act additionally powered mounting tensions amongst Muslims and Hindus.
These two gatherings had clashing dreams of India’s future as an autonomous country. Indian Muslims, dwarfed by Hindus, expected that Hindus would control India on the off chance that it won autonomy. One most vital reason for which it was important was that some provincial autonomy was granted. Also, the parliamentary systems had been set up in which the Indians people were to gain increasing representation; it granted more voting rights to the people of India, 25% of the population of India was now having the right to vote which was 5 times larger than that in 1909. This was the first time that this had been allowed and was the very last significant enactment that led Britain to give total independence back to India. The Theory of Relativity was formulated by Albert Einstein in 1905, it was the idea that the laws of physics are the same all over the place in the universe. This theory could be explained simply and briefly by three explanations. First, there is no “absolute” frame of references.
Each time you measure an object’s velocity, or its momentum, it was dependably in connection to something else. Second, the speed of light was the same regardless of who measures it or how quick the individual estimating it is going. Third, nothing can go speedier than light. This theory was worth noticeable because it changed the way people viewed the world, vulnerability and relativity supplanted Isaac Newton’s belief of the world working as per outright laws of motion and gravity. Additionally, this theory also contributed mostly on real-life applications and other scientific knowledges: the electromagnets’ relativistic effects, global positioning system for GPS navigation, gold’s yellow color, mercury nature state of liquid, cathode ray tubes founded in old televisions, the moving or transfer of light, and more other things people used nowadays.The Stock Market Crash was an American economic disaster that occurred in 1929 after the Federal Reserve artificially lowering interest rates which created a “boom” due to each every individuals’ borrowing, people could borrowed money to invest. As the interest rates raised, it caused severe deflation with a sharp drop on the price of the commodities and stock market.
Everyone sold off everything as the dollar grew stronger, however, there was a big decrease in the money supply so it became hard to expand the economy. The Stock Market Crash alone didn’t caused the Great Depression, but rather it stimulated the collapse of economy and made the Depression more troublesome. This led to bank failures nationwide, economy plummeted, high inflation rates, unemployments skyrocketed, and some other negative effects. It took for about a decade and a half to fully recover American economy from this worst. This crisis has taught many next generations critical lessons. Numerous regulations regarding buying stocks on margin and the roles of banks in clients’ savings have created to prevent another severe crash could never happen again.
New Deal, a domestic program of the administration of U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935, which took action of the improvements of immediate economic reliefs and helped changes in industry, farming, finance, house developments, waterpower, labour, inconceivably expanding the extent of federal administration exercises. The New Deal did not end the Depression. Instead, even with all new projects and programs, the administration still wasn’t spending enough cash to kick off a stalled economy.
However, the New Deal forever changed the U.S. government.
Before the New Deal, there was much more sense that everyone should be taking care of themselves, the federal government took little or no responsibility for the people’s finance security. With the New Deal, all of a sudden, the government had played a role ensuring people would be at least somewhat ensured. Moreover, several of FDR’s New Deal programs continued to help Americans today. A portion of the more imperative projects that still exist offer the accompanying advantages and insurances, for example, the National Pension System, Oversight of Labor Practices, Protection for Savings, and more other programs.The official ideology of the National Fascist Party of Italy, “fascism” was founded by Benito Mussolini in 1919. Fascism rose due to Italy defeats and disappointment over the failure to win territorial gains promised by the British in the Treaty of London but was never delivered during WWI.
Despite this, the “Red Years” of Italy, as in particular the Socialist Party was in control. The government had took electoral gains, particularly on the local classes, and had also caused rising inflation and unemployment. The Fascist Party was momentous because the people were pining for change since the unuseful government couldn’t solve any problems. Mussolini knew that Italy after 1918 was a poor nation compared to France and Britain. Therefore, he decided his destiny was to advance the economic state of Italy and his plan was based on a two-fold approach: attacking the power of the trade unions and therefore controlling the workers. Mussolini’s fascist rule changed and re-created Italy’s government to a dictatorship upheld by terror, brought the economy under state control and an altered domestic life.The Nazi Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was concluded only a few days just before the beginning of WWII in August 23, 1939.
It was an agreement which was signed between Stalin and Hitler publicly, guaranteed that both countries wouldn’t attack each other for 10 years, and if problems were formed, it was surely to be handled amicably. In addition, a secret protocol was added onto the pact, it held an agreement which greatly affected Eastern Europe. In exchange for the Soviets consenting to not join the conceivable future war, Germany was giving the Soviets the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania).
Poland was additionally and firstly signed to be separated between the two. Hitler had hoped to acquire Poland without any military forces and wanted to prevent the possibility of a two front war which Germany fought in WWI, that had splitted Germany’s forces, and weakened their offensives. Consequently, Germany was successful at its attempt to take over Poland without the joining of the Soviets. Until Germany’s surprise attack and invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, the agreement was broken cunningly by Hitler.