Jean-batiste Poquelin was born January 15th 1622, died on February 17 1673 and was raised by is two parents until the age of 10 when his mother died, he is one of the most famous French playwrites who wrote over 33 plays. But before he became the author that he was, he was son of a merchant but he refused to take over the family buisness, after this he started to follow law studies to become a lawyer. He then becomes a lawyer but he gave up the possibility of a social promotion that could offer him that diploma. Against the advice of his father he decided to become a comedian and with the help of Madeleine Bejart he founded the theatrical company “L’illustre-Theatre” and then grafually gave him self the name Moliere.
Unfortunately the reasons that led him to choose that pseudonym remains unknown. In 1645 the company went bankrupt and Jean was imprisoned for depts, but only stayed for two days because is father intervened. The same year he joined Charles Dufresne’s troop and they traveled south-west of France for over 13 years, and in 1650 he became the leader of the troop. Five years later he wrote “L’etourdie” witch was performed in the city of Lyon in France. In 1658 he returned to Paris with an exceptional acting experience. He received the protection of the king’s brother and he performed in front of the young Louis XIV in the Louvre. In 1659 he wrote “Les Precieuses ridicules” witch was his first great success. In 1662 he married a 19 year old actress named Armende Bejard, the daughter of Madelaine Bejard.
This marriage with the daughter of his mistress got him accused of incestuous relations with this person who could have been his daughter. The same year, he achieved his first master stroke by writing “L’ecole Des Femmes”, the first of the comedies of maturity, in five acts and verse. This play, witch raised important questions (the institution of marriage and the education of girls), contrasts very sharply with the usual themes of jokes or Italian comedy. After “Amphytrion et l’Avare” , Moliere signs is last play “Le Malade Imaginaire”. During is fourth performance, he falls on stage and dies a few hours later on February 17 1673. Having not abjured is profession of comedian (considered immoral by the church), he narrowly escapes the mass grave on the intervention of the king who in 1665 officially took Moliere under his protection.
Moliere’s actors founded “La Commedie Francaise” seven years after his death.